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Nitrate pollution in the Warta River (Poland) between 1958 and 2016: trends and causes.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Jan; 26(3):2038-2046.ES

Abstract

The article presents analyses of long-term water quality data from the Warta River between 1958 and 2016. A clear increasing trend in nitrate concentrations was observed from 1958 to the early 1990s. This trend was mainly related to the increasing use of fertilizers in Poland in this period. Then, after the early 1990s, a slow decreasing trend related to improvements in water and sewage management and more rational fertilizer use was observed after political and economic changes in Poland. The influence of long-term hydrological droughts on nitrate concentrations was also investigated. Sharp increases in the nitrate concentration in surface water were related to the accumulation of contaminants in the soil and aeration zone during drought periods and the subsequent transport of these contaminants to groundwater and surface water via recharge infiltration after each drought period. The presented results highlight the importance of surface water-groundwater interactions and suggest that groundwater protection in an entire catchment area is essential for surface water quality protection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Geology, Department of Hydrogeology and Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, ul. Bogumiła Krygowskiego 12, 61-680, Poznan, Poland.Institute of Geology, Department of Hydrogeology and Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, ul. Bogumiła Krygowskiego 12, 61-680, Poznan, Poland. smok@amu.edu.pl.Institute of Geology, Department of Hydrogeology and Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, ul. Bogumiła Krygowskiego 12, 61-680, Poznan, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28803424

Citation

Górski, Józef, et al. "Nitrate Pollution in the Warta River (Poland) Between 1958 and 2016: Trends and Causes." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, vol. 26, no. 3, 2019, pp. 2038-2046.
Górski J, Dragon K, Kaczmarek PMJ. Nitrate pollution in the Warta River (Poland) between 1958 and 2016: trends and causes. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019;26(3):2038-2046.
Górski, J., Dragon, K., & Kaczmarek, P. M. J. (2019). Nitrate pollution in the Warta River (Poland) between 1958 and 2016: trends and causes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 26(3), 2038-2046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9798-3
Górski J, Dragon K, Kaczmarek PMJ. Nitrate Pollution in the Warta River (Poland) Between 1958 and 2016: Trends and Causes. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019;26(3):2038-2046. PubMed PMID: 28803424.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nitrate pollution in the Warta River (Poland) between 1958 and 2016: trends and causes. AU - Górski,Józef, AU - Dragon,Krzysztof, AU - Kaczmarek,Piotr Michał Jan, Y1 - 2017/08/12/ PY - 2017/03/31/received PY - 2017/07/19/accepted PY - 2017/8/15/pubmed PY - 2019/2/26/medline PY - 2017/8/14/entrez KW - Groundwater and surface water interaction KW - Nitrate contamination KW - Poland KW - River water contamination KW - Warta River SP - 2038 EP - 2046 JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - The article presents analyses of long-term water quality data from the Warta River between 1958 and 2016. A clear increasing trend in nitrate concentrations was observed from 1958 to the early 1990s. This trend was mainly related to the increasing use of fertilizers in Poland in this period. Then, after the early 1990s, a slow decreasing trend related to improvements in water and sewage management and more rational fertilizer use was observed after political and economic changes in Poland. The influence of long-term hydrological droughts on nitrate concentrations was also investigated. Sharp increases in the nitrate concentration in surface water were related to the accumulation of contaminants in the soil and aeration zone during drought periods and the subsequent transport of these contaminants to groundwater and surface water via recharge infiltration after each drought period. The presented results highlight the importance of surface water-groundwater interactions and suggest that groundwater protection in an entire catchment area is essential for surface water quality protection. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28803424/Nitrate_pollution_in_the_Warta_River__Poland__between_1958_and_2016:_trends_and_causes_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9798-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -