Adherent-Invasive E. coli enhances colonic hypersensitivity and P2X receptors expression during post-infectious period.Gut Microbes 2018; 9(1):26-37GM
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are related gastrointestinal disorders characterized by abdominal pain associated with colonic hypersensitivity (CHS). Studies in humans have reported an abnormal colonization of Adherent-Invasive E. coli (AIEC) in the ileum of Crohn's disease (CD) patients associated with overexpression of the bacterial colonizing receptor CEACAM6. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AIEC reference strain LF82 could induce intestinal impairment during infectious and/or post-infectious periods and subsequently the development of CHS. Transgenic mice overexpressing human CEACAM6 protein (TG) and their wild-type littermates were gavaged by CD-associated AIEC bacteria (reference strain LF82) or PBS for 3 d. Colonic hypersensitivity was assessed by colorectal distension (CRD) test during infectious (D4) and post-infectious periods (D21). Several markers of intestinal inflammation were monitored and the colonic expression of purinergic P2X receptors was quantified. At D4, an increased visceromotor response (VMR) to the CRD test was observed in TG mice infected with CD-associated AIEC LF82 in comparison with non-infected TG mice and persisted in a subgroup of infected animals at D21 after bacteria clearance. Increased VMR was associated with low-grade intestinal inflammation, increased intestinal permeability and expression of P2X 3, 4 and 7. This study shows that certain susceptible hosts infected with CD-associated AIEC bacteria can develop persistent CHS associated with low-grade inflammation and increased P2X receptors expression. Thus, CD-associated AIEC infection in CEACAM6 transgenic mice could be used as a novel post-infectious mouse model mimicking quiescent IBD with IBS-like symptoms such as visceral pain.