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Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke.
Ann Work Expo Health. 2017 Aug 01; 61(7):809-821.AW

Abstract

Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and airborne nicotine in each prison together with short (30-minute) measurements of PM2.5 covering a range of locations/activities. Pre- and post-shift saliva samples were also gathered from non-smoking staff and analysed for cotinine to estimate exposure. There was evidence of exposure to SHS in all prisons from the results of PM2.5 and nicotine measurements. The salivary cotinine results from a sub-sample of non-smoking workers indicated SHS exposures of similar magnitude to those provided by the 6-day area measurements of PM2.5. There was a high degree of exposure variability with some locations/activities involving exposure to SHS concentrations that were comparable to those measured in bars in Scotland prior to smoke-free legislation in 2006. The median shift exposure to SHS-PM2.5 was ~20 to 30 µg m-3 and is broadly similar to that experienced by someone living in a typical smoking home in Scotland. This is the most comprehensive assessment of prison workers' exposure to SHS in the world. The results are highly relevant to the development of smoke-free policies in prisons and should be considered when deciding on the best approach to provide prison staff with a safe and healthy working environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Respiratory Group, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, UK.MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK.MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK.MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK.Respiratory Group, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, UK.MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28810685

Citation

Semple, Sean, et al. "Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke." Annals of Work Exposures and Health, vol. 61, no. 7, 2017, pp. 809-821.
Semple S, Sweeting H, Demou E, et al. Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke. Ann Work Expo Health. 2017;61(7):809-821.
Semple, S., Sweeting, H., Demou, E., Logan, G., O'Donnell, R., & Hunt, K. (2017). Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke. Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(7), 809-821. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx058
Semple S, et al. Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke. Ann Work Expo Health. 2017 Aug 1;61(7):809-821. PubMed PMID: 28810685.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterising the Exposure of Prison Staff to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke. AU - Semple,Sean, AU - Sweeting,Helen, AU - Demou,Evangelia, AU - Logan,Greig, AU - O'Donnell,Rachel, AU - Hunt,Kate, AU - ,, PY - 2017/04/19/received PY - 2017/06/28/accepted PY - 2017/8/17/entrez PY - 2017/8/16/pubmed PY - 2018/7/25/medline KW - ETS KW - PM2.5 KW - SHS KW - correctional facilities KW - nicotine KW - work SP - 809 EP - 821 JF - Annals of work exposures and health JO - Ann Work Expo Health VL - 61 IS - 7 N2 - Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and airborne nicotine in each prison together with short (30-minute) measurements of PM2.5 covering a range of locations/activities. Pre- and post-shift saliva samples were also gathered from non-smoking staff and analysed for cotinine to estimate exposure. There was evidence of exposure to SHS in all prisons from the results of PM2.5 and nicotine measurements. The salivary cotinine results from a sub-sample of non-smoking workers indicated SHS exposures of similar magnitude to those provided by the 6-day area measurements of PM2.5. There was a high degree of exposure variability with some locations/activities involving exposure to SHS concentrations that were comparable to those measured in bars in Scotland prior to smoke-free legislation in 2006. The median shift exposure to SHS-PM2.5 was ~20 to 30 µg m-3 and is broadly similar to that experienced by someone living in a typical smoking home in Scotland. This is the most comprehensive assessment of prison workers' exposure to SHS in the world. The results are highly relevant to the development of smoke-free policies in prisons and should be considered when deciding on the best approach to provide prison staff with a safe and healthy working environment. SN - 2398-7316 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28810685/Characterising_the_Exposure_of_Prison_Staff_to_Second_Hand_Tobacco_Smoke_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/28810685/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -