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Breakfast consumption and nutrient intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012).
Br J Nutr. 2017 Aug; 118(4):280-290.BJ

Abstract

Although breakfast consumption is widely considered to be an important component of a healthy lifestyle, few UK studies have examined differences in nutrient intakes between breakfast consumers and breakfast skippers among children and adolescents. We investigated associations between breakfast skipping in 4-18-year-olds and their nutrient intakes using data from the UK's National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme. Dietary data were derived from 4-d estimated food diaries of 802 children aged 4-10 years and 884 children aged 11-18 years (1686 in total). Daily nutrient intakes of children with different breakfast habits were compared by one-way ANCOVA adjusting for relevant covariates (sex, age, ethnicity, equivalised household income and BMI). Within-person analysis was carried out on children with an irregular breakfast habit (n 879) comparing nutrient intakes on breakfast days with those on non-breakfast days using repeated measures ANCOVA. We observed that the overall nutritional profile of the children in terms of fibre and micronutrient intake was superior in frequent breakfast consumers (micronutrients: folate, Ca, Fe and I (P<0·01)) and, for the 4-10 years age group, on breakfast days (micronutrients: folate, vitamin C, Ca and I (P<0·01)). Also, significantly higher proportions of breakfast-consuming children met their reference nutrient intakes of folate, vitamin C, Ca, Fe and I compared with breakfast skippers (χ 2 analysis, P<0·001). Our study adds to the body of data linking breakfast consumption with higher quality dietary intake in school-age children, supporting the promotion of breakfast as an important element of a healthy dietary pattern in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division,King's College London, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine,Franklin-Wilkins Building,150 Stamford Street,London SE1 9NH,UK.2Department of Medical Statistics,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health,Keppel St,London WC1E 7HT,UK.1Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division,King's College London, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine,Franklin-Wilkins Building,150 Stamford Street,London SE1 9NH,UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28814349

Citation

Coulthard, Janine D., et al. "Breakfast Consumption and Nutrient Intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012)." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 118, no. 4, 2017, pp. 280-290.
Coulthard JD, Palla L, Pot GK. Breakfast consumption and nutrient intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012). Br J Nutr. 2017;118(4):280-290.
Coulthard, J. D., Palla, L., & Pot, G. K. (2017). Breakfast consumption and nutrient intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012). The British Journal of Nutrition, 118(4), 280-290. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517001714
Coulthard JD, Palla L, Pot GK. Breakfast Consumption and Nutrient Intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012). Br J Nutr. 2017;118(4):280-290. PubMed PMID: 28814349.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breakfast consumption and nutrient intakes in 4-18-year-olds: UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008-2012). AU - Coulthard,Janine D, AU - Palla,Luigi, AU - Pot,Gerda K, Y1 - 2017/08/17/ PY - 2017/8/18/pubmed PY - 2017/9/20/medline PY - 2017/8/18/entrez KW - EAR estimated average requirement KW - LRNI lower reference nutrient intake KW - NDNS RP National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme KW - NMES non-milk extrinsic sugars KW - Breakfast KW - Children KW - Dietary patterns KW - National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme KW - Nutrient intakes SP - 280 EP - 290 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 118 IS - 4 N2 - Although breakfast consumption is widely considered to be an important component of a healthy lifestyle, few UK studies have examined differences in nutrient intakes between breakfast consumers and breakfast skippers among children and adolescents. We investigated associations between breakfast skipping in 4-18-year-olds and their nutrient intakes using data from the UK's National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme. Dietary data were derived from 4-d estimated food diaries of 802 children aged 4-10 years and 884 children aged 11-18 years (1686 in total). Daily nutrient intakes of children with different breakfast habits were compared by one-way ANCOVA adjusting for relevant covariates (sex, age, ethnicity, equivalised household income and BMI). Within-person analysis was carried out on children with an irregular breakfast habit (n 879) comparing nutrient intakes on breakfast days with those on non-breakfast days using repeated measures ANCOVA. We observed that the overall nutritional profile of the children in terms of fibre and micronutrient intake was superior in frequent breakfast consumers (micronutrients: folate, Ca, Fe and I (P<0·01)) and, for the 4-10 years age group, on breakfast days (micronutrients: folate, vitamin C, Ca and I (P<0·01)). Also, significantly higher proportions of breakfast-consuming children met their reference nutrient intakes of folate, vitamin C, Ca, Fe and I compared with breakfast skippers (χ 2 analysis, P<0·001). Our study adds to the body of data linking breakfast consumption with higher quality dietary intake in school-age children, supporting the promotion of breakfast as an important element of a healthy dietary pattern in children. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28814349/Breakfast_consumption_and_nutrient_intakes_in_4_18_year_olds:_UK_National_Diet_and_Nutrition_Survey_Rolling_Programme__2008_2012__ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114517001714/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -