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Phytochemicals of Euphorbia lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities.
Molecules. 2017 Aug 18; 22(8)M

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to characterize the antioxidant capacities and phytochemicals such as phenolics and flavonoids in four parts of Euphorbia lathyris L. HPLC was employed to detect the type and content of phenolic acids and flavonoids in the root, stem, seed, and testa of the plant. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were different among various parts of E. lathyris. The highest TPC were found in the testa (290.46 ± 15.09 mg of gallic acid equiv/100 g dry weight (DW)). However, the root contained the highest TFC (215.68 ± 3.10 mg of rutin equiv/g DW). Of the different antioxidant activities detected, DPPH free radical scavenging activity was highest in the testa (61.29 ± 0.29 mmol Trolox/100 g DW), but the highest FRAP antioxidant activity was found in the seed (1131.25 ± 58.68 mg FeSO₄/100 g DW of free compounds and 1927.43 ± 52.13 mg FeSO₄/100 g DW of bound compounds). There was a positive correlation between the total phenolic contents and DPPH free radical scavenging activity in different parts of E. lathyris.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China. lizhen@sxu.edu.cn.School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China. 15835107995@163.com.Institute of Agricultural Environment and Resources, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan 030006, China. qiuxia_meng@126.com.School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China. 18834823413@163.com.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economic Research, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan 030006, China. kayneo@126.com.Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan 03006, China. niuwillame@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28820480

Citation

Zhang, Lizhen, et al. "Phytochemicals of Euphorbia Lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 22, no. 8, 2017.
Zhang L, Wang C, Meng Q, et al. Phytochemicals of Euphorbia lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities. Molecules. 2017;22(8).
Zhang, L., Wang, C., Meng, Q., Tian, Q., Niu, Y., & Niu, W. (2017). Phytochemicals of Euphorbia lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 22(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22081335
Zhang L, et al. Phytochemicals of Euphorbia Lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities. Molecules. 2017 Aug 18;22(8) PubMed PMID: 28820480.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phytochemicals of Euphorbia lathyris L. and Their Antioxidant Activities. AU - Zhang,Lizhen, AU - Wang,Chu, AU - Meng,Qiuxia, AU - Tian,Qin, AU - Niu,Yu, AU - Niu,Wei, Y1 - 2017/08/18/ PY - 2017/06/23/received PY - 2017/08/03/revised PY - 2017/08/03/accepted PY - 2017/8/19/entrez PY - 2017/8/19/pubmed PY - 2018/4/27/medline KW - Caper spurge KW - HPLC KW - antioxidative activities KW - flavonoids KW - phenolic compounds JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 22 IS - 8 N2 - The objectives of this study were to characterize the antioxidant capacities and phytochemicals such as phenolics and flavonoids in four parts of Euphorbia lathyris L. HPLC was employed to detect the type and content of phenolic acids and flavonoids in the root, stem, seed, and testa of the plant. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were different among various parts of E. lathyris. The highest TPC were found in the testa (290.46 ± 15.09 mg of gallic acid equiv/100 g dry weight (DW)). However, the root contained the highest TFC (215.68 ± 3.10 mg of rutin equiv/g DW). Of the different antioxidant activities detected, DPPH free radical scavenging activity was highest in the testa (61.29 ± 0.29 mmol Trolox/100 g DW), but the highest FRAP antioxidant activity was found in the seed (1131.25 ± 58.68 mg FeSO₄/100 g DW of free compounds and 1927.43 ± 52.13 mg FeSO₄/100 g DW of bound compounds). There was a positive correlation between the total phenolic contents and DPPH free radical scavenging activity in different parts of E. lathyris. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28820480/Phytochemicals_of_Euphorbia_lathyris_L__and_Their_Antioxidant_Activities_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules22081335 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -