Interaction between insulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein 1 and transforming growth factor beta 1 in primary hepatic stellate cells.Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2017 Aug 15; 16(4):395-404.HP
We previously showed that insulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein 1 (IGFBPrP1) is a novel mediator in liver fibrosis. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) is known as the strongest effector of liver fibrosis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the detailed interaction between IGFBPrP1 and TGFβ1 in primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs).
We overexpressed TGFβ1 or IGFBPrP1 and inhibited TGFβ1 expression in primary HSCs for 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours to investigate their interaction and observe the accompanying expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I, fibronectin, and phosphorylated-mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2/3 (p-Smad2/3).
We found that the adenovirus vector encoding the TGFβ1 gene (AdTGFβ1) induced IGFBPrP1 expression while that of α-SMA, collagen I, fibronectin, and TGFβ1 increased gradually. Concomitantly, AdIGFBPrP1 upregulated TGFβ1, α-SMA, collagen I, fibronectin, and p-Smad2/3 in a time-dependent manner while IGFBPrP1 expression was decreased at 96 hours. Inhibition of TGFβ1 expression reduced the IGFBPrP1-stimulated expression of α-SMA, collagen I, fibronectin, and p-Smad2/3.
These findings for the first time suggest the existence of a possible mutually regulation between IGFBPrP1 and TGFβ1, which likely accelerates liver fibrosis progression. Furthermore, IGFBPrP1 likely participates in liver fibrosis in a TGFβ1-depedent manner, and may act as an upstream regulatory factor of TGFβ1 in the Smad pathway.