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Food Consumption Patterns among U.S. Children from Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014.
Nutrients. 2017 Aug 26; 9(9)N

Abstract

Early dietary patterns can have long-term health consequences. This study describes food consumption patterns among US children ≤23 months. We used one 24 h dietary recall from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2014 to estimate the percentage of children ≤23 months who consumed selected food/beverage categories on any given day by age and race/Hispanic origin. Among 0 to 5 month olds, 42.9% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 37.0%, 49.1%) consumed breast milk, with non-Hispanic blacks less likely (21.2%, 95% CI: 13.2%, 32.2%) compared with non-Hispanic whites (49.0%, 95% CI: 39.0%, 59.1%) (p < 0.001). The percentage of children consuming vegetables was 57.4%, 48.2%, and 45.1% for ages 6 to 11, 12 to 18 and 19 to 23 months, respectively (p < 0.01 for trend). The percentage of children consuming sugar-sweetened beverages was 6.6%, 31.8% and 38.3% for ages 6 to 11, 12 to 18 and 19 to 23 months, respectively (p < 0.01 for trend). Among children aged ≥6 months, lower percentages of non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children consumed vegetables, and higher percentages consumed sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% juice compared with non-Hispanic white children, although differences were not always statistically significant. Compared with children in the second year of life, a higher percentage of children 6 to 11 months of age consumed vegetables and a lower percentage consumed 100% juice, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, or sweets; with differences by race/Hispanic origin. These data may be relevant to the upcoming 2020-2025 federal dietary guidelines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. hfc2@cdc.gov.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. hgk3@cdc.gov.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. kso7@cdc.gov.National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA. goi7@cdc.gov.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. mec0@cdc.gov.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28846605

Citation

Hamner, Heather C., et al. "Food Consumption Patterns Among U.S. Children From Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 9, 2017.
Hamner HC, Perrine CG, Gupta PM, et al. Food Consumption Patterns among U.S. Children from Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014. Nutrients. 2017;9(9).
Hamner, H. C., Perrine, C. G., Gupta, P. M., Herrick, K. A., & Cogswell, M. E. (2017). Food Consumption Patterns among U.S. Children from Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014. Nutrients, 9(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9090942
Hamner HC, et al. Food Consumption Patterns Among U.S. Children From Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014. Nutrients. 2017 Aug 26;9(9) PubMed PMID: 28846605.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food Consumption Patterns among U.S. Children from Birth to 23 Months of Age, 2009-2014. AU - Hamner,Heather C, AU - Perrine,Cria G, AU - Gupta,Priya M, AU - Herrick,Kirsten A, AU - Cogswell,Mary E, Y1 - 2017/08/26/ PY - 2017/07/07/received PY - 2017/08/08/revised PY - 2017/08/23/accepted PY - 2017/8/29/entrez PY - 2017/8/29/pubmed PY - 2018/5/10/medline KW - NHANES KW - food consumption patterns KW - fruit and vegetables KW - race/Hispanic origin KW - sugar-sweetened beverages KW - young children JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 9 N2 - Early dietary patterns can have long-term health consequences. This study describes food consumption patterns among US children ≤23 months. We used one 24 h dietary recall from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2014 to estimate the percentage of children ≤23 months who consumed selected food/beverage categories on any given day by age and race/Hispanic origin. Among 0 to 5 month olds, 42.9% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 37.0%, 49.1%) consumed breast milk, with non-Hispanic blacks less likely (21.2%, 95% CI: 13.2%, 32.2%) compared with non-Hispanic whites (49.0%, 95% CI: 39.0%, 59.1%) (p < 0.001). The percentage of children consuming vegetables was 57.4%, 48.2%, and 45.1% for ages 6 to 11, 12 to 18 and 19 to 23 months, respectively (p < 0.01 for trend). The percentage of children consuming sugar-sweetened beverages was 6.6%, 31.8% and 38.3% for ages 6 to 11, 12 to 18 and 19 to 23 months, respectively (p < 0.01 for trend). Among children aged ≥6 months, lower percentages of non-Hispanic black and Hispanic children consumed vegetables, and higher percentages consumed sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% juice compared with non-Hispanic white children, although differences were not always statistically significant. Compared with children in the second year of life, a higher percentage of children 6 to 11 months of age consumed vegetables and a lower percentage consumed 100% juice, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, or sweets; with differences by race/Hispanic origin. These data may be relevant to the upcoming 2020-2025 federal dietary guidelines. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28846605/Food_Consumption_Patterns_among_U_S__Children_from_Birth_to_23_Months_of_Age_2009_2014_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9090942 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -