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[Dietary patterns among preschoolers and its association with education level of the parents].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Aug 10; 38(8):1060-1063.ZL

Abstract

Objective:

To identify the dietary patterns among preschoolers in Ma'anshan, and to investigate its association with the education levels of the parents.

Methods:

A total of 16 439 children aged 3-6 were recruited from 91 kindergartens in Ma'anshan city to participate in the study. Food frequency and socio-demographic information were collected through questionnaire survey. Dietary data was collected using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and principal-components analysis was used to derive the dietary patterns. Ordinal multinomial logistic regression was employed to explore the association between the education level of parents and the dietary patterns.

Results:

Five dietary patterns- "processed" , "beverage" , "snack" , "protein" and "vegetarian" were identified. Data showed that the total variance was 48.02% and the cumulative proportion of processed reached 24.78%. Low educational level of the father was positively associated with both "beverage" (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.15-1.63) and "snack" dietary pattern (OR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.01-1.43). Low educational level of mother was positively associated with the "processed" (OR=1.31, 95%CI: 1.09-1.57) and "beverage" dietary pattern (OR=1.48, 95%CI: 1.23-1.77), and showed a negative correlation with "protein" (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.52-0.74) and "vegetarian" dietary pattern (OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.60-0.86).

Conclusion:

Findings from this study showed that preschoolers in Ma'anshan tend to choose unhealthy dietary pattern. Dietary pattern was directly influenced by the parents, and especially the education level of the mothers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Health, Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Ma'anshan, Ma'anshan 243011, China.Department of Child Health, Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Ma'anshan, Ma'anshan 243011, China.Department of Child Health, Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Ma'anshan, Ma'anshan 243011, China.Department of Child Health, Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Ma'anshan, Ma'anshan 243011, China.Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

28847054

Citation

Yan, S Q., et al. "[Dietary Patterns Among Preschoolers and Its Association With Education Level of the Parents]." Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, vol. 38, no. 8, 2017, pp. 1060-1063.
Yan SQ, Cao H, Gu CL, et al. [Dietary patterns among preschoolers and its association with education level of the parents]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38(8):1060-1063.
Yan, S. Q., Cao, H., Gu, C. L., Xu, Y. Q., Ni, L. L., Tao, H. H., Shao, T., & Tao, F. B. (2017). [Dietary patterns among preschoolers and its association with education level of the parents]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, 38(8), 1060-1063. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.08.012
Yan SQ, et al. [Dietary Patterns Among Preschoolers and Its Association With Education Level of the Parents]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Aug 10;38(8):1060-1063. PubMed PMID: 28847054.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Dietary patterns among preschoolers and its association with education level of the parents]. AU - Yan,S Q, AU - Cao,H, AU - Gu,C L, AU - Xu,Y Q, AU - Ni,L L, AU - Tao,H H, AU - Shao,T, AU - Tao,F B, PY - 2017/8/29/entrez PY - 2017/8/30/pubmed PY - 2019/4/4/medline KW - Children, preschool KW - Dietary pattern KW - Education level KW - Socio-economic status SP - 1060 EP - 1063 JF - Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi JO - Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi VL - 38 IS - 8 N2 - Objective: To identify the dietary patterns among preschoolers in Ma'anshan, and to investigate its association with the education levels of the parents. Methods: A total of 16 439 children aged 3-6 were recruited from 91 kindergartens in Ma'anshan city to participate in the study. Food frequency and socio-demographic information were collected through questionnaire survey. Dietary data was collected using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and principal-components analysis was used to derive the dietary patterns. Ordinal multinomial logistic regression was employed to explore the association between the education level of parents and the dietary patterns. Results: Five dietary patterns- "processed" , "beverage" , "snack" , "protein" and "vegetarian" were identified. Data showed that the total variance was 48.02% and the cumulative proportion of processed reached 24.78%. Low educational level of the father was positively associated with both "beverage" (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.15-1.63) and "snack" dietary pattern (OR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.01-1.43). Low educational level of mother was positively associated with the "processed" (OR=1.31, 95%CI: 1.09-1.57) and "beverage" dietary pattern (OR=1.48, 95%CI: 1.23-1.77), and showed a negative correlation with "protein" (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.52-0.74) and "vegetarian" dietary pattern (OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.60-0.86). Conclusion: Findings from this study showed that preschoolers in Ma'anshan tend to choose unhealthy dietary pattern. Dietary pattern was directly influenced by the parents, and especially the education level of the mothers. SN - 0254-6450 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28847054/[Dietary_patterns_among_preschoolers_and_its_association_with_education_level_of_the_parents]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&issn=0254-6450&year=2017&vol=38&issue=8&fpage=1060 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -