Late-onset Pompe disease: a genetic-radiological correlation on cerebral vascular anomalies.J Neurol. 2017 Oct; 264(10):2110-2118.JN
Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive disorder in which deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase results in the accumulation of glycogen mostly in muscle tissues. Several reports suggest a higher incidence of intracranial vascular abnormalities (IVAs) in this condition, as well as brain microbleeds and cerebral vasculopathy. The aim of our study was to evaluate through neuroimaging studies the incidence of these anomalies in our cohort of late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) patients asymptomatic for cerebrovascular disease, looking for correlations with clinical and genetic data. We studied 18 LOPD patients with brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), or contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Diameters of individual arteries were measured and compared with average values as proposed in the literature. We found IVAs in 13 of the 18 patients, mostly dilatative arteriopathy affecting the vertebrobasilar system. The anterior circle was involved in seven of the 18 patients. The diameter of the basilar artery at 1 cm was found to correlate both with age (spearman rho, p = 0.037) and disease duration (p = 0.004), but no other statistically significant correlation was documented. The incidence of intracranial dilatative arteriopathy in LOPD was higher than in the general population, confirming the literature data. However, we did not find intracranial aneurysms microbleeds or significant cerebrovascular disease. Abnormalities in the anterior and the posterior circle of Willis correlated with age and disease duration, but not with the severity of muscle/respiratory involvement or with genetic data. Further studies in larger cohorts of patients are needed to confirm these findings.