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Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, by Census Region - United States, 2006-2015.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Sep 01; 66(34):897-903.MM

Abstract

Opioid overdose deaths quadrupled from 8,050 in 1999 to 33,091 in 2015 and accounted for 63% of drug overdose deaths in the United States in 2015. During 2010-2015, heroin overdose deaths quadrupled from 3,036 to 12,989 (1). Sharp increases in the supply of heroin and illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) are likely contributing to increased deaths (2-6). CDC examined trends in unintentional and undetermined deaths involving heroin or synthetic opioids excluding methadone (i.e., synthetic opioids)* by the four U.S. Census regions during 2006-2015. Drug exhibits (i.e., drug products) obtained by law enforcement and reported to the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA's) National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) that tested positive for heroin or fentanyl (i.e., drug reports) also were examined. All U.S. Census regions experienced substantial increases in deaths involving heroin from 2006 to 2015. Since 2010, the South and West experienced increases in heroin drug reports, whereas the Northeast and Midwest experienced steady increases during 2006-2015.† In the Northeast, Midwest, and South, deaths involving synthetic opioids and fentanyl drug reports increased considerably after 2013. These broad changes in the U.S. illicit drug market highlight the urgent need to track illicit drugs and enhance public health interventions targeting persons using or at high risk for using heroin or IMF.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28859052

Citation

O'Donnell, Julie K., et al. "Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, By Census Region - United States, 2006-2015." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 66, no. 34, 2017, pp. 897-903.
O'Donnell JK, Gladden RM, Seth P. Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, by Census Region - United States, 2006-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(34):897-903.
O'Donnell, J. K., Gladden, R. M., & Seth, P. (2017). Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, by Census Region - United States, 2006-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(34), 897-903. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6634a2
O'Donnell JK, Gladden RM, Seth P. Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, By Census Region - United States, 2006-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Sep 1;66(34):897-903. PubMed PMID: 28859052.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, by Census Region - United States, 2006-2015. AU - O'Donnell,Julie K, AU - Gladden,R Matthew, AU - Seth,Puja, Y1 - 2017/09/01/ PY - 2017/9/1/entrez PY - 2017/9/1/pubmed PY - 2017/9/7/medline SP - 897 EP - 903 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 66 IS - 34 N2 - Opioid overdose deaths quadrupled from 8,050 in 1999 to 33,091 in 2015 and accounted for 63% of drug overdose deaths in the United States in 2015. During 2010-2015, heroin overdose deaths quadrupled from 3,036 to 12,989 (1). Sharp increases in the supply of heroin and illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) are likely contributing to increased deaths (2-6). CDC examined trends in unintentional and undetermined deaths involving heroin or synthetic opioids excluding methadone (i.e., synthetic opioids)* by the four U.S. Census regions during 2006-2015. Drug exhibits (i.e., drug products) obtained by law enforcement and reported to the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA's) National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) that tested positive for heroin or fentanyl (i.e., drug reports) also were examined. All U.S. Census regions experienced substantial increases in deaths involving heroin from 2006 to 2015. Since 2010, the South and West experienced increases in heroin drug reports, whereas the Northeast and Midwest experienced steady increases during 2006-2015.† In the Northeast, Midwest, and South, deaths involving synthetic opioids and fentanyl drug reports increased considerably after 2013. These broad changes in the U.S. illicit drug market highlight the urgent need to track illicit drugs and enhance public health interventions targeting persons using or at high risk for using heroin or IMF. SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28859052/Trends_in_Deaths_Involving_Heroin_and_Synthetic_Opioids_Excluding_Methadone_and_Law_Enforcement_Drug_Product_Reports_by_Census_Region___United_States_2006_2015_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6634a2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -