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Conservatism predicts lapses from vegetarian/vegan diets to meat consumption (through lower social justice concerns and social support).

Abstract

Lapses from vegetarian and vegan (i.e., veg*n) food choices to meat consumption are very common, suggesting that sustaining veg*nism is challenging. But little is known about why people return to eating animals after initially deciding to avoid meat consumption. Several potential explanatory factors include personal inconvenience, meat cravings, awkwardness in social settings, or health/nutrition concerns. Here we test the degree to which political ideology predicts lapsing to meat consumption. Past research demonstrates that political ideology predicts present levels of meat consumption, whereby those higher in right-wing ideologies eat more animals, even after controlling for their hedonistic liking of meat (e.g., Dhont & Hodson, 2014). To what extent might political ideology predict whether one has lapsed from veg*n foods back to meat consumption? In a largely representative US community sample (N = 1313) of current and former veg*ns, those higher (vs. lower) in conservatism exhibited significantly greater odds of being a former than current veg*n, even after controlling for age, education, and gender. This ideology-lapsing relation was mediated (i.e., explained) by those higher (vs. lower) in conservatism: (a) adopting a veg*n diet for reasons less centered in justice concerns (animal rights, environment, feeding the poor); and (b) feeling socially unsupported in their endeavor. In contrast, factors such as differential meat craving or lifestyle inconvenience played little mediational role. These findings demonstrate that ideology and justice concerns are particularly relevant to understanding resilience in maintaining veg*n food choices. Implications for understanding why people eat meat, and how to develop intervention strategies, are discussed.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Brock University, Canada. Electronic address: ghodson@brocku.ca.

    Brock University, Canada.

    Source

    Appetite 120: 2018 Jan 01 pg 75-81

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Choice Behavior
    Diet, Vegan
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Female
    Food Preferences
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Life Style
    Male
    Meat
    Middle Aged
    Politics
    Risk Factors
    Social Justice
    Social Support
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28859869

    Citation

    Hodson, Gordon, and Megan Earle. "Conservatism Predicts Lapses From Vegetarian/vegan Diets to Meat Consumption (through Lower Social Justice Concerns and Social Support)." Appetite, vol. 120, 2018, pp. 75-81.
    Hodson G, Earle M. Conservatism predicts lapses from vegetarian/vegan diets to meat consumption (through lower social justice concerns and social support). Appetite. 2018;120:75-81.
    Hodson, G., & Earle, M. (2018). Conservatism predicts lapses from vegetarian/vegan diets to meat consumption (through lower social justice concerns and social support). Appetite, 120, pp. 75-81. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2017.08.027.
    Hodson G, Earle M. Conservatism Predicts Lapses From Vegetarian/vegan Diets to Meat Consumption (through Lower Social Justice Concerns and Social Support). Appetite. 2018 Jan 1;120:75-81. PubMed PMID: 28859869.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Conservatism predicts lapses from vegetarian/vegan diets to meat consumption (through lower social justice concerns and social support). AU - Hodson,Gordon, AU - Earle,Megan, Y1 - 2017/08/30/ PY - 2016/12/04/received PY - 2017/08/25/revised PY - 2017/08/27/accepted PY - 2017/9/2/pubmed PY - 2018/7/17/medline PY - 2017/9/2/entrez KW - Conservatism KW - Ideology KW - Meat KW - Vegan KW - Vegetarian SP - 75 EP - 81 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 120 N2 - Lapses from vegetarian and vegan (i.e., veg*n) food choices to meat consumption are very common, suggesting that sustaining veg*nism is challenging. But little is known about why people return to eating animals after initially deciding to avoid meat consumption. Several potential explanatory factors include personal inconvenience, meat cravings, awkwardness in social settings, or health/nutrition concerns. Here we test the degree to which political ideology predicts lapsing to meat consumption. Past research demonstrates that political ideology predicts present levels of meat consumption, whereby those higher in right-wing ideologies eat more animals, even after controlling for their hedonistic liking of meat (e.g., Dhont & Hodson, 2014). To what extent might political ideology predict whether one has lapsed from veg*n foods back to meat consumption? In a largely representative US community sample (N = 1313) of current and former veg*ns, those higher (vs. lower) in conservatism exhibited significantly greater odds of being a former than current veg*n, even after controlling for age, education, and gender. This ideology-lapsing relation was mediated (i.e., explained) by those higher (vs. lower) in conservatism: (a) adopting a veg*n diet for reasons less centered in justice concerns (animal rights, environment, feeding the poor); and (b) feeling socially unsupported in their endeavor. In contrast, factors such as differential meat craving or lifestyle inconvenience played little mediational role. These findings demonstrate that ideology and justice concerns are particularly relevant to understanding resilience in maintaining veg*n food choices. Implications for understanding why people eat meat, and how to develop intervention strategies, are discussed. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28859869/Conservatism_predicts_lapses_from_vegetarian/vegan_diets_to_meat_consumption__through_lower_social_justice_concerns_and_social_support__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(16)30892-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -