Analysis of fecal short chain fatty acid concentration in miniature dachshunds with inflammatory colorectal polyps.J Vet Med Sci. 2017 Oct 20; 79(10):1727-1734.JV
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play an important role in the maintenance of colonic homeostasis, and their depletion has been reported in various gastrointestinal disorders. Inflammatory colorectal polyps (ICRPs) are a recently recognized disease specific to miniature dachshunds (MDs), and fecal dysbiosis with a reduction of SCFA-producing bacteria has been reported with this disease. Therefore, this study was performed based on the hypothesis that a reduced SCFA concentration associates with the development of ICRPs. We recruited 11 ICRP-affected MDs and 25 control MDs. Their fecal SCFA concentrations and bacterial proportions were quantified using high performance liquid chromatography and quantitative real-time PCR, respectively. The feces of ICRP-affected MDs contained lower amounts of propionic acid and lower proportions of Bifidobacterium than the feces of control MDs. Furthermore, fecal proportions of Bifidobacterium, Firmicutes and Lactobacillus exhibited significant positive correlations with fecal concentrations of total SCFAs and/or propionic acid; fecal Escherichia coli proportions correlated negatively with fecal concentrations of total SCFAs, as well as acetic, propionic and butyric acid. This result indicates an association between fecal dysbiosis and fecal SCFA concentrations; these phenomena may contribute to ICRP pathogenesis in MDs. Potential therapeutic targeting of the reduced propionic acid concentration using probiotics, prebiotics or SCFA enemas merits further study.