Immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine candidate versus inactivated trivalent influenza vaccines in participants >/=3 years of age: a double-blind, randomized, parallel-controlled phase III clinical trial in China.Expert Rev Vaccines. 2017 11; 16(11):1155-1169.ER
Viruses from two antigenically distinct influenza B strains have co-circulated since the mid-1980s, yet inactivated trivalent influenza vaccines (TIVs) with either the Victoria or Yamagata lineage could only provide limited protection from influenza B strain. Quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV) including both influenza B lineages can improve protection against circulating influenza B viruses.
Participants >/ = 3 years of age were recruited, stratified by age, and then randomly allocated at a ratio of 2:1:1 to receive one-injection of the experimental QIV, TIV-Victoria (Vic) or TIV-Yamagata (Yam). The primary objective of this study was to demonstrate that the hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) antibodies induced by the QIV candidate are not inferior to the licensed TIVs.
First, 3661 participants received the inoculation. The QIV was found to be non-inferior to TIVs in terms of the geometric mean titers (GMTs) and seroconversion rates (SCRs) of the HI antibodies against shared strains 28 days after completion of inoculation, and was superior to the TIVs against the alternate B strain, which is absent from the TIVs. The occurrences of adverse events (AEs) post-vaccination were similar across the treatment groups.
The experimental QIV showed good immunogenicity and an acceptable safety profile.