Effect of high pressure and thermal processing on spoilage-causing enzymes in mango (Mangifera indica).Food Res Int 2017; 100(Pt 1):885-893FR
The aim of the present work was to model the effect of combined pressure-temperature processing on spoilage-causing enzymes in mango pulp; which conventionally are inactivated using high temperatures leading to inevitable quality losses. The inactivation of enzymes pectin methylesterase (PME), polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) was studied in mango pulp within the pressure, temperature and hold-time ranges of 0.1 to 600MPa, 40 to 70°C and 1s to 90min, respectively. The enzyme inactivation was described as a dual process: initial change in activity during dynamic pressure build-up phase and subsequent decrease under isobaric-isothermal conditions. The former led to considerable increase in activities of all the three enzymes (p<0.05); however, the increased activity reduced with increased intensity of applied pressure-temperature. On the other hand, isobaric-isothermal conditions led to substantial inactivation (p<0.05), with 600MPa/70°C/20min treatment being most effective in reducing the activities of PME, PPO and POD to 32, 15 and 26%, respectively. The enzyme inactivation data was non-linear under isobaric-isothermal conditions and fitted to the nth-order reaction model, indicative of the occurrence of series of reactions possibly due to pressure-temperature interaction effects. The estimated reaction order 'n' was 0.815, 1.106 and 1.137 for PME, PPO and POD, respectively. The estimated reaction rate constant k (min-1) depicted PME to be the most baroresistant enzyme followed by POD and PPO. Temperature and pressure dependency of k was expressed in terms of activation energy and activation volume using the Arrhenius- and Eyring-type relations, respectively. An empirical model with good correlation between actual and predicted data (R2>0.90) was proposed to simulate the rate of enzyme inactivation under isobaric-isothermal conditions as a function of pressure and temperature.