Remarkable plasticity of Na+, K+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase and SERCA contributes to muscle disuse atrophy resistance in hibernating Daurian ground squirrels.Sci Rep 2017; 7(1):10509SR
We investigated cytosolic calcium (Ca2+) and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ regulation in skeletal muscle fibers of hibernating Daurian ground squirrels (Spermophilus dauricus), non-hibernating hindlimb-unloaded (HLU) squirrels, and HLU rats to clarify the molecular mechanisms involved in preventing muscle atrophy in hibernators. The Na+, K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase activities in the soleus muscle (SOL) of squirrels were maintained in hibernation, decreased during interbout arousal (IB-A), and increased to autumn/pre-hibernation (AUT/Pre-H) levels in torpor after interbout arousal (Post-IBA), whereas activities in the extensor digitorum longus muscle (EDL) were stable during hibernation, but increased during post-hibernation (Post-H). Activities increased in the SOL of HLU rats, but were stable in HLU squirrels. Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) activity in the SOL decreased in IB-A squirrels, but returned to AUT/Pre-H levels in the Post-IBA group; no significant changes were found in the EDL. SERCA activity increased in the EDL of HLU squirrels and SOL of HLU rats. Compared with AUT/Pre-H, SERCA type 2 protein expression increased in the SOL and EDL of IB-A and Post-IBA squirrels, but increased in the SOL only in HLU animals. We also describe the protein kinase A changes in this paper. Thus, hibernating ground squirrels displayed remarkable Na+, K+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase, and SERCA plasticity.