Description of Oceanispirochaeta sediminicola gen. nov., sp. nov., an obligately anaerobic bacterium isolated from coastal marine sediments, and reclassification of Spirochaeta litoralis as Oceanispirochaeta litoralis comb. nov.Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017 Sep; 67(9):3403-3409.IJ
An obligately anaerobic spirochaete (strain SY2T) was isolated from coastal marine sediments of Tongyeong-Si, South Korea. Strain SY2T was helical-shaped and Gram-stain-negative. Strain SY2T was able to grow at 10-40 °C (optima, 25-30 °C), pH 6.3-8.8 (optima, pH 7.0-8.0) and with 1-7 % (optimum, 2-3 %) NaCl concentration. Strain SY2T was negative for catalase and oxidase activity. The major end-products of glucose fermentation were acetate, ethanol, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. C14 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 1 H/C13 : 0 3-OH and iso-C17 : 1ω9c were predominant fatty acids (>5 %) with minor amounts (<5 %) of C18 : 0, iso-C13 : 0, iso-C17 : 0, iso-C17 : 1/anteiso-C17 : 1 B and C16 : 1ω6c/C16 : 1ω7c. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine were major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 53.5 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain SY2T represents a member of the family Spirochaetaceae in the phylum Spirochaetes. Strain SY2T has a sequence similarity of 95.1 % with Spirochaeta litoralis R1T and <90.1 % with other members of the genus Spirochaeta. Distinct morphological, physiological and genotypic differences from the previously described taxa support the classification of strain SY2T as a representative of a novel genus and species in the family Spirochaetaceae, for which the name Oceanispirochaeta sediminicola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SY2T (=KEMB 3001-381T=DSM 104770T=KCTC 15593T). Reclassification of Spirochaeta litoralis as Oceanispirochaeta litoralis comb. nov. is also proposed based on polyphasic taxonomic analyses.