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Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: The Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence.
J Sch Health. 2017 10; 87(10):743-750.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and physical) would mediate the impact of bullying on HIV risk.

METHODS

Data were from the 2013 National Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) among students who answered questions on bullying, TDV, and HIV risk (N = 13,571). The YRBSS is conducted biennially among 9th- to 12th-grade students nationally. We used multiple regression analysis and Hayes' SPSS process macro to examine the 2 study hypotheses.

RESULTS

Findings from bivariate analysis suggest an association between bullying and HIV risk. The study also found associations between physical, sexual teen dating violence and HIV risk. Results also indicate that both physical and sexual teen dating violence mediate the association between bullying and HIV risk.

CONCLUSION

Our findings suggest that multidimensional interventions should be developed to reduce the rate of teen dating violence and combat bullying as a preventative method for HIV risk among high school students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street W, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1V4, Canada.The Ohio State University, 1947 College Road, Columbus, OH 43210.University of Texas, Arlington, School of Social Work, 211 S. Cooper St., Bldg. A, Arlington, TX 76019.University of Texas, Arlington, School of Social Work, 211 S. Cooper St., Bldg. A, Arlington, TX 76019.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28876474

Citation

Okumu, Moses, et al. "Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: the Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence." The Journal of School Health, vol. 87, no. 10, 2017, pp. 743-750.
Okumu M, Mengo C, Ombayo B, et al. Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: The Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence. J Sch Health. 2017;87(10):743-750.
Okumu, M., Mengo, C., Ombayo, B., & Small, E. (2017). Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: The Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence. The Journal of School Health, 87(10), 743-750. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12547
Okumu M, et al. Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: the Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence. J Sch Health. 2017;87(10):743-750. PubMed PMID: 28876474.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bullying and HIV Risk Among High School Teenagers: The Mediating Role of Teen Dating Violence. AU - Okumu,Moses, AU - Mengo,Cecilia, AU - Ombayo,Bernadette, AU - Small,Eusebius, PY - 2016/06/24/received PY - 2017/01/31/revised PY - 2017/03/13/accepted PY - 2017/9/7/entrez PY - 2017/9/7/pubmed PY - 2018/6/5/medline KW - HIV risk KW - YRBS data KW - adolescents KW - bullying KW - teen dating violence SP - 743 EP - 750 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 87 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and physical) would mediate the impact of bullying on HIV risk. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 National Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) among students who answered questions on bullying, TDV, and HIV risk (N = 13,571). The YRBSS is conducted biennially among 9th- to 12th-grade students nationally. We used multiple regression analysis and Hayes' SPSS process macro to examine the 2 study hypotheses. RESULTS: Findings from bivariate analysis suggest an association between bullying and HIV risk. The study also found associations between physical, sexual teen dating violence and HIV risk. Results also indicate that both physical and sexual teen dating violence mediate the association between bullying and HIV risk. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that multidimensional interventions should be developed to reduce the rate of teen dating violence and combat bullying as a preventative method for HIV risk among high school students. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28876474/Bullying_and_HIV_Risk_Among_High_School_Teenagers:_The_Mediating_Role_of_Teen_Dating_Violence_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12547 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -