SMS 201-995 induces a continuous decline in circulating growth hormone and somatomedin-C levels during therapy of acromegalic patients for over two years.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1987 Oct; 65(4):703-10.JC
Ten acromegalic patients, four previously untreated, were studied before and at regular intervals during treatment with the long-acting somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 (200-300 micrograms daily for 2 or 3 sc injections for 16-108 weeks). All patients had rapid clinical improvement, with disappearance of excessive perspiration, paresthesias, and headache within the first 6 weeks of therapy. The mean 24-h serum GH concentrations fell from 44.0 +/- 7.8 (+/-SE) micrograms/L before to 5.9 +/- 1.0 microgram/L at the end of therapy. The GH levels from 2-6 h after the acute administration of 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 before the start of therapy correlated significantly with the mean 24-h GH concentrations after 16-108 weeks of treatment (P less than 0.05). The initially increased serum somatomedin-C (Sm-C) levels normalized in 5 of these 10 patients; the mean values were 7.3 +/- 0.9 U/mL before and 2.9 +/- 0.7 U/mL at the end of therapy. The Sm-C and mean GH levels continuously decreased during long term therapy; the concentrations after 1.5-2 yr of therapy were significantly lower than those after 6-12 months of therapy (P less than 0.01 and P less than 0.01, respectively). A slight decrease in the size of the pituitary tumor was noted by computed tomography in three of six patients. Transient clinically detectable steatorrhea occurred in two patients. Postprandial hyperglycemia occurred during therapy in eight patients, while in two patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus carbohydrate tolerance improved in one and deteriorated in the other. SMS 201-995 is a highly effective medical treatment for acromegaly. Clinically improvement occurs rapidly, and the inhibition of serum GH and Sm-C levels persisted even after more than 1 yr of therapy. No important subjective side-effects were noted. SMS 201-995 is an excellent drug in patients in whom acromegaly persists after surgery and for interim treatment to shorten the period of clinical activity after irradiation.