[Spectrum-effect relationship in antioxidant activity of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus based on DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays].Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2016 May; 41(9):1670-1677.ZZ
Characteristic chromatogram of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus which were processed by heat treatment with different temperatures and times was developed by HPLC. DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays were performed to determine the antioxidant activity. The spectrum-effect correlation was studied using Partial Least Squares(PLS)to explore the active ingredients of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus by investigating the relationship between HPLC spectrum and antioxidant activity. S1, S2, S15, S24, S27, S29, S32, S33 and S35 were characteristic compounds in 35 matching characteristic chromatograms which were positive relationship with scavenging DPPH free radical activity. S1, S2, S5, S8, S16, S27 and S33 were significantly positively related to scavenge ABTS free radical activity. S12, S20, S22, S28, S30, S31, S32 and S34 were significantly positively related to restore Fe³⁺ activity. Among the chromatographic peaks, S1, S2, S27 and S33were positively related to scavenge DPPH free radical and ABTS free radical activity, and S32 was positively related to scavenge DPPH free radical and restore Fe³⁺ activity. S3, S19, S21, S22, S23, S33 and S34 were determined as salidroside, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, specnuezhenide, oleuropein, ligustroflavone, luteolin andapigenin, respectively. The results showed that although specnuezhenide and salidroside were stipulated index compounds to evaluate the quality of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the Ligustri Lucidi Fructus pharmcodynamic effect did not depend on the contents of those index components. The quality of traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs)should be determined by the compound groups associated with pharmcodynamic effect.