Treatment of acromegaly with the long-acting somatostatin analog SMS 201-995.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 Jan; 66(1):16-23.JC
Current treatment of acromegaly (surgery, radiation, and bromocriptine) is often unsatisfactory, and a sizeable proportion of patients with this disease continue to have GH hypersecretion after all therapeutic modalities have been exhausted. Fifteen patients with active acromegaly (8 previously treated and 7 newly diagnosed) were treated with the long-acting somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 (Sandoz; 50-250 micrograms, sc, every 6-8 h for up to 21 months). The mean daily plasma GH concentration was significantly suppressed in 13 patients, and it became normal in 10. Two patients, however, did not have GH suppression by SMS 201-995 treatment alone; in 1, a significant decline in mean daily GH was achieved after the addition of bromocriptine. As expected, suppression of GH secretion was associated with normalization of plasma somatomedin-C values and significant clinical improvement. Plasma GH responses to synthetic GHRH-(1-44) and TRH were either abolished or blunted by SMS 201-995. Thyroid function remained normal, and glucose tolerance did not change. Significant shrinkage of pituitary tumors occurred in 7 previously untreated and 2 previously treated patients. Side-effects were minimal. SMS 201-995 is an effective agent for the treatment of acromegaly. Further studies are necessary to establish guidelines for identification of non-responders and to examine the effect of preoperative tumor shrinkage on subsequent surgical outcome.