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Cigarette smoking quit rates among adults with and without alcohol use disorders and heavy alcohol use, 2002-2015: A representative sample of the United States population.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 11 01; 180:204-207.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

While the overall smoking quit rate has increased over time, it is not known whether the quit rate has also increased among persons with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) or heavy alcohol use (HAU). The current study examined quit rates among adults with and without AUDs and HAU over a 12-year period in a representative sample of US adults.

METHODS

Data were drawn from the National Household Survey on Drug Use, an annual cross-sectional study of US persons. Quit rate (i.e., the rate of former smokers to ever smokers) was calculated annually from 2002 to 2014 (for HAU) and 2015 (for AUD). Time trends in quit rates by AUD/HAU status were tested using linear regression.

RESULTS

The prevalence of past-month cigarette smoking was much higher for persons with, compared to without, AUDs (38% vs. 18%) and HAU (49% vs. 19%). In the most recent data year, the quit rate for persons with AUDs was approximately half that of persons without AUDs (26% versus 49%) and for persons with HAU was less than half that of persons without HAU (22% versus 48%). Over time, the smoking quit rate increased for persons with and without AUDs/HAU and the rate of increase was greater for persons with AUDs/HAU. Yet, quit rates for persons with AUDs and HAU remained much lower than persons without AUDs and HAU.

CONCLUSIONS

It may be beneficial for public health and clinical efforts to incorporate screenings and treatment for tobacco use into programs for adults with AUDs and HAU.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461 USA; Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA. Electronic address: andrea.weinberger@einstein.yu.edu.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: misato.gbedemah@qc.cuny.edu.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA; Institute for Implementation Science and Population Health, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: renee.goodwin@sph.cuny.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28918239

Citation

Weinberger, Andrea H., et al. "Cigarette Smoking Quit Rates Among Adults With and Without Alcohol Use Disorders and Heavy Alcohol Use, 2002-2015: a Representative Sample of the United States Population." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 180, 2017, pp. 204-207.
Weinberger AH, Gbedemah M, Goodwin RD. Cigarette smoking quit rates among adults with and without alcohol use disorders and heavy alcohol use, 2002-2015: A representative sample of the United States population. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017;180:204-207.
Weinberger, A. H., Gbedemah, M., & Goodwin, R. D. (2017). Cigarette smoking quit rates among adults with and without alcohol use disorders and heavy alcohol use, 2002-2015: A representative sample of the United States population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 180, 204-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.07.009
Weinberger AH, Gbedemah M, Goodwin RD. Cigarette Smoking Quit Rates Among Adults With and Without Alcohol Use Disorders and Heavy Alcohol Use, 2002-2015: a Representative Sample of the United States Population. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 11 1;180:204-207. PubMed PMID: 28918239.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking quit rates among adults with and without alcohol use disorders and heavy alcohol use, 2002-2015: A representative sample of the United States population. AU - Weinberger,Andrea H, AU - Gbedemah,Misato, AU - Goodwin,Renee D, Y1 - 2017/08/05/ PY - 2017/03/17/received PY - 2017/07/09/revised PY - 2017/07/15/accepted PY - 2017/9/18/pubmed PY - 2018/5/1/medline PY - 2017/9/18/entrez KW - Alcohol use disorders KW - Cessation KW - Epidemiology KW - Heavy alcohol use KW - Smoking SP - 204 EP - 207 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 180 N2 - BACKGROUND: While the overall smoking quit rate has increased over time, it is not known whether the quit rate has also increased among persons with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) or heavy alcohol use (HAU). The current study examined quit rates among adults with and without AUDs and HAU over a 12-year period in a representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Household Survey on Drug Use, an annual cross-sectional study of US persons. Quit rate (i.e., the rate of former smokers to ever smokers) was calculated annually from 2002 to 2014 (for HAU) and 2015 (for AUD). Time trends in quit rates by AUD/HAU status were tested using linear regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of past-month cigarette smoking was much higher for persons with, compared to without, AUDs (38% vs. 18%) and HAU (49% vs. 19%). In the most recent data year, the quit rate for persons with AUDs was approximately half that of persons without AUDs (26% versus 49%) and for persons with HAU was less than half that of persons without HAU (22% versus 48%). Over time, the smoking quit rate increased for persons with and without AUDs/HAU and the rate of increase was greater for persons with AUDs/HAU. Yet, quit rates for persons with AUDs and HAU remained much lower than persons without AUDs and HAU. CONCLUSIONS: It may be beneficial for public health and clinical efforts to incorporate screenings and treatment for tobacco use into programs for adults with AUDs and HAU. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28918239/Cigarette_smoking_quit_rates_among_adults_with_and_without_alcohol_use_disorders_and_heavy_alcohol_use_2002_2015:_A_representative_sample_of_the_United_States_population_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(17)30394-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -