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DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS IN A CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS).
J Zoo Wildl Med. 2017 09; 48(3):937-940.JZ

Abstract

An 11-yr-old dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) at a zoo in south Florida presented with diarrhea while being treated with enrofloxacin and dexamethasone for a chronic skin condition. Three weeks after initiation of therapy with dexamethasone, the camel developed diarrhea, which worsened despite treatment with antibiotics. The animal became increasingly debilitated, developed hemorrhagic diarrhea, declined rapidly over the next 3 days, and died despite aggressive fluid therapy and supportive care. Histologic examination revealed intralesional protozoal tissue cysts consistent with Toxoplasma gondii in the intestines, lungs, and liver, as well as lymphoid depletion of the spleen suggesting immunosuppression. To the author's knowledge this is the first reported case of disseminated toxoplasmosis that clinically manifested as hemorrhagic enterocolitis in a camel.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28920819

Citation

Riley, Jennifer, et al. "DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS in a CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS)." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, vol. 48, no. 3, 2017, pp. 937-940.
Riley J, Garner MM, Kiupel M, et al. DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS IN A CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2017;48(3):937-940.
Riley, J., Garner, M. M., Kiupel, M., & Hammond, E. E. (2017). DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS IN A CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 48(3), 937-940. https://doi.org/10.1638/2016-0057.1
Riley J, et al. DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS in a CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2017;48(3):937-940. PubMed PMID: 28920819.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - DISSEMINATED TOXOPLASMOSIS IN A CAPTIVE ADULT DROMEDARY CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS). AU - Riley,Jennifer, AU - Garner,Michael M, AU - Kiupel,Matti, AU - Hammond,Elizabeth E, PY - 2017/9/19/entrez PY - 2017/9/19/pubmed PY - 2019/6/22/medline KW - Camelus dromedarius KW - Toxoplasma gondii KW - dromedary camel KW - enterocolitis KW - immunosuppression SP - 937 EP - 940 JF - Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians JO - J. Zoo Wildl. Med. VL - 48 IS - 3 N2 - An 11-yr-old dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) at a zoo in south Florida presented with diarrhea while being treated with enrofloxacin and dexamethasone for a chronic skin condition. Three weeks after initiation of therapy with dexamethasone, the camel developed diarrhea, which worsened despite treatment with antibiotics. The animal became increasingly debilitated, developed hemorrhagic diarrhea, declined rapidly over the next 3 days, and died despite aggressive fluid therapy and supportive care. Histologic examination revealed intralesional protozoal tissue cysts consistent with Toxoplasma gondii in the intestines, lungs, and liver, as well as lymphoid depletion of the spleen suggesting immunosuppression. To the author's knowledge this is the first reported case of disseminated toxoplasmosis that clinically manifested as hemorrhagic enterocolitis in a camel. SN - 1042-7260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28920819/DISSEMINATED_TOXOPLASMOSIS_IN_A_CAPTIVE_ADULT_DROMEDARY_CAMEL__CAMELUS_DROMEDARIUS__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1638/2016-0057.1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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