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A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis.
J Craniofac Surg. 2017 Nov; 28(8):2030-2035.JC

Abstract

PURPOSE

The effect of synostosis is not confined to the immediate vicinity of the suture. The authors hypothesized metopic craniosynostosis results in migration of lateral structures from midline, and differences in segmental volume of the cranial fossa.

METHODS

A retrospective case-controlled cohort analysis of patients with nonsyndromic metopic craniosynostosis was performed. Craniometric angles, distances to landmarks from midline, cephalic index, and segmented volume ratios were calculated. A comparison group consisted of patients without cranial pathology or with mild positional plagiocephaly.

RESULTS

Twenty patients with metopic craniosynostosis and 19 controls were identified. The bifrontal angle was significantly more acute in metopic patients. Distance from midline to the medial carotid, the foramen ovale, and the hypoglossal canal were all significantly longer in metopic patients. Ratio of anterior third to total cranial vault volume was significantly smaller in metopic patients; however, ratio of middle third to total cranial vault volume was significantly larger. As the bifrontal angle decreased by 1°, the volume of the anterior third of the cranial vault was observed to decrease by 0.17% (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

Patients with metopic craniosynostosis show a distinct and significant transverse lateralization of structures of the anterior skull base relative to midline, significant restriction of the anterior third of the cranial vault, and compensatory expansion of the middle third. There is a linear relationship between the bifrontal angle and the subsequent change in anterior third cranial vault volume.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

IV; Therapeutic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery †Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28922245

Citation

Naran, Sanjay, et al. "A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis." The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 28, no. 8, 2017, pp. 2030-2035.
Naran S, Mazzaferro D, Wes A, et al. A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2017;28(8):2030-2035.
Naran, S., Mazzaferro, D., Wes, A., Vossough, A., Bartlett, S. P., & Taylor, J. A. (2017). A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 28(8), 2030-2035. https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000003888
Naran S, et al. A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2017;28(8):2030-2035. PubMed PMID: 28922245.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Craniometric Analysis of Cranial Base and Cranial Vault Differences in Patients With Metopic Craniosynostosis. AU - Naran,Sanjay, AU - Mazzaferro,Daniel, AU - Wes,Ari, AU - Vossough,Arastoo, AU - Bartlett,Scott P, AU - Taylor,Jesse A, PY - 2017/9/19/pubmed PY - 2018/5/17/medline PY - 2017/9/19/entrez SP - 2030 EP - 2035 JF - The Journal of craniofacial surgery JO - J Craniofac Surg VL - 28 IS - 8 N2 - PURPOSE: The effect of synostosis is not confined to the immediate vicinity of the suture. The authors hypothesized metopic craniosynostosis results in migration of lateral structures from midline, and differences in segmental volume of the cranial fossa. METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled cohort analysis of patients with nonsyndromic metopic craniosynostosis was performed. Craniometric angles, distances to landmarks from midline, cephalic index, and segmented volume ratios were calculated. A comparison group consisted of patients without cranial pathology or with mild positional plagiocephaly. RESULTS: Twenty patients with metopic craniosynostosis and 19 controls were identified. The bifrontal angle was significantly more acute in metopic patients. Distance from midline to the medial carotid, the foramen ovale, and the hypoglossal canal were all significantly longer in metopic patients. Ratio of anterior third to total cranial vault volume was significantly smaller in metopic patients; however, ratio of middle third to total cranial vault volume was significantly larger. As the bifrontal angle decreased by 1°, the volume of the anterior third of the cranial vault was observed to decrease by 0.17% (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with metopic craniosynostosis show a distinct and significant transverse lateralization of structures of the anterior skull base relative to midline, significant restriction of the anterior third of the cranial vault, and compensatory expansion of the middle third. There is a linear relationship between the bifrontal angle and the subsequent change in anterior third cranial vault volume. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV; Therapeutic. SN - 1536-3732 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28922245/A_Craniometric_Analysis_of_Cranial_Base_and_Cranial_Vault_Differences_in_Patients_With_Metopic_Craniosynostosis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000003888 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -