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Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2017; 14:36.JI

Abstract

With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet. This included the sufficiency of energy and protein; the adequacy of vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, iodine and vitamin D; and the lack of the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in most plant-based sources. However, via the strategic management of food and appropriate supplementation, it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes satisfactorily. Further, it was suggested here that creatine and β-alanine supplementation might be of particular use to vegan athletes, owing to vegetarian diets promoting lower muscle creatine and lower muscle carnosine levels in consumers. Empirical research is needed to examine the effects of vegan diets in athletic populations however, especially if this movement grows in popularity, to ensure that the health and performance of athletic vegans is optimised in accordance with developments in sports nutrition knowledge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Sheffield Hallam University, S10 2BP, Sheffield, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28924423

Citation

Rogerson, David. "Vegan Diets: Practical Advice for Athletes and Exercisers." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, vol. 14, 2017, p. 36.
Rogerson D. Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2017;14:36.
Rogerson, D. (2017). Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 14, 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-017-0192-9
Rogerson D. Vegan Diets: Practical Advice for Athletes and Exercisers. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2017;14:36. PubMed PMID: 28924423.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers. A1 - Rogerson,David, Y1 - 2017/09/13/ PY - 2017/04/04/received PY - 2017/09/03/accepted PY - 2017/9/20/entrez PY - 2017/9/20/pubmed PY - 2018/3/1/medline KW - Diet KW - Plant-based KW - Vegan KW - Vegetarian SP - 36 EP - 36 JF - Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition JO - J Int Soc Sports Nutr VL - 14 N2 - With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet. This included the sufficiency of energy and protein; the adequacy of vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, iodine and vitamin D; and the lack of the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in most plant-based sources. However, via the strategic management of food and appropriate supplementation, it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes satisfactorily. Further, it was suggested here that creatine and β-alanine supplementation might be of particular use to vegan athletes, owing to vegetarian diets promoting lower muscle creatine and lower muscle carnosine levels in consumers. Empirical research is needed to examine the effects of vegan diets in athletic populations however, especially if this movement grows in popularity, to ensure that the health and performance of athletic vegans is optimised in accordance with developments in sports nutrition knowledge. SN - 1550-2783 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28924423/Vegan_diets:_practical_advice_for_athletes_and_exercisers_ L2 - https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12970-017-0192-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -