Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Rescuing Israeli travellers: effects of substance abuse, mental health, geographic region of rescue, gender and age of rescuees.
J Travel Med. 2017 Sep 01; 24(5)JT

Abstract

Background

Research conducted on young Israeli travellers has pointed to high substance usage rates. For some drug-using backpackers, actual extraction and rescue from their trip abroad is necessary. This study represents a first attempt to explore the influence of geographic region in which rescue occurs, cause for rescue and gender and age differences among Israeli rescuees.

Methods

Sub-analysis of all logs of individual rescuees during a 5-year period from 2011 to 2016 (N = 86) included 66 men and 20 women, with an average age of 27.83 (SD = 7.86).

Results

The findings demonstrate that Israelis are most frequently rescued from South and Southeast Asia (57%) followed by Europe (22%), South America (17%), North America (2.3%) and Africa (1.2%). India was the country with the highest rate of rescue incidents (N = 36) followed by Thailand (N = 8) and the Netherlands (N = 5). The most common cause for rescue was substance abuse (87%). However, significant regional differences were found based on the variable of age (F = 3.21, df = 3,50, P < 0.05). The youngest rescuees were evacuated from South America (M = 24.20 years, SD = 3.8), while the oldest were from Europe (M = 32.86 years, SD = 10.9). The most frequent mental diagnosis for rescuees was acute psychosis due to substance use disorder (81%) and bipolar disorder, manic subtype due to substance abuse (7%). Significant gender differences were found among rescuees diagnosed with bipolar disorder, manic type: 25% were female, while men only accounted for 1.5% (χ 2 = 61.70, df = 24, P < 0.0001).

Conclusions

Region, age and gender of young travellers should be taken into consideration when thinking about induced acute psychosis caused by substance use. Policymakers need to consider prevention and harm reduction interventions relevant to this risk group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Department of Criminology, School of Social Sciences, Ariel University; Israel Anti-Drug Authority (IADA), Jerusalem Israel.The unit of Forensic Psychiatry Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Bat-Yam; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University; Magnus International Search & Rescue, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28931135

Citation

Bonny-Noach, Hagit, and Moran Sagiv-Alayoff. "Rescuing Israeli Travellers: Effects of Substance Abuse, Mental Health, Geographic Region of Rescue, Gender and Age of Rescuees." Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 24, no. 5, 2017.
Bonny-Noach H, Sagiv-Alayoff M. Rescuing Israeli travellers: effects of substance abuse, mental health, geographic region of rescue, gender and age of rescuees. J Travel Med. 2017;24(5).
Bonny-Noach, H., & Sagiv-Alayoff, M. (2017). Rescuing Israeli travellers: effects of substance abuse, mental health, geographic region of rescue, gender and age of rescuees. Journal of Travel Medicine, 24(5). https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/tax045
Bonny-Noach H, Sagiv-Alayoff M. Rescuing Israeli Travellers: Effects of Substance Abuse, Mental Health, Geographic Region of Rescue, Gender and Age of Rescuees. J Travel Med. 2017 Sep 1;24(5) PubMed PMID: 28931135.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Rescuing Israeli travellers: effects of substance abuse, mental health, geographic region of rescue, gender and age of rescuees. AU - Bonny-Noach,Hagit, AU - Sagiv-Alayoff,Moran, PY - 2017/06/08/accepted PY - 2017/9/21/entrez PY - 2017/9/21/pubmed PY - 2018/5/16/medline KW - Israel KW - Travellers KW - backpackers KW - drugs KW - dual diagnosis KW - rescue KW - substance use JF - Journal of travel medicine JO - J Travel Med VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - Background: Research conducted on young Israeli travellers has pointed to high substance usage rates. For some drug-using backpackers, actual extraction and rescue from their trip abroad is necessary. This study represents a first attempt to explore the influence of geographic region in which rescue occurs, cause for rescue and gender and age differences among Israeli rescuees. Methods: Sub-analysis of all logs of individual rescuees during a 5-year period from 2011 to 2016 (N = 86) included 66 men and 20 women, with an average age of 27.83 (SD = 7.86). Results: The findings demonstrate that Israelis are most frequently rescued from South and Southeast Asia (57%) followed by Europe (22%), South America (17%), North America (2.3%) and Africa (1.2%). India was the country with the highest rate of rescue incidents (N = 36) followed by Thailand (N = 8) and the Netherlands (N = 5). The most common cause for rescue was substance abuse (87%). However, significant regional differences were found based on the variable of age (F = 3.21, df = 3,50, P < 0.05). The youngest rescuees were evacuated from South America (M = 24.20 years, SD = 3.8), while the oldest were from Europe (M = 32.86 years, SD = 10.9). The most frequent mental diagnosis for rescuees was acute psychosis due to substance use disorder (81%) and bipolar disorder, manic subtype due to substance abuse (7%). Significant gender differences were found among rescuees diagnosed with bipolar disorder, manic type: 25% were female, while men only accounted for 1.5% (χ 2 = 61.70, df = 24, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Region, age and gender of young travellers should be taken into consideration when thinking about induced acute psychosis caused by substance use. Policymakers need to consider prevention and harm reduction interventions relevant to this risk group. SN - 1708-8305 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28931135/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jtm/tax045 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -