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Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Nutrients 2017; 9(8)N

Abstract

Poor dietary composition is an important factor in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The majority of NAFLD patients follow diets with overconsumption of simple carbohydrates, total and saturated fat, with reduced intake of dietary fiber and omega-3 rich foods. Although lifestyle modifications including weight loss and exercise remain the keystone of NAFLD management, modifying dietary composition with or without a calorie-restricted diet may also be a feasible and sustainable strategy for NAFLD treatment. In the present review article, we highlight the potential therapeutic role of a "high quality healthy diet" to improve hepatic steatosis and metabolic dysfunction in patients with NAFLD, independent of caloric restriction and weight loss. We provide a literature review evaluating the evidence behind dietary components including fiber-, meat- and omega-3-rich diets and, pending further evidence, we concur with the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Guidelines recommendation of the Mediterranean diet as the diet of choice in these patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2X8, Canada. eslampar@ualberta.ca.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2X8, Canada. ptandon@ualberta.ca. Cirrhosis Care Clinic and CEGIIR, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2X8, Canada. ptandon@ualberta.ca.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T6G 2X8, Canada. mkothand@ucalgary.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28933748

Citation

Eslamparast, Tannaz, et al. "Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 8, 2017.
Eslamparast T, Tandon P, Raman M. Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nutrients. 2017;9(8).
Eslamparast, T., Tandon, P., & Raman, M. (2017). Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nutrients, 9(8), doi:10.3390/nu9080800.
Eslamparast T, Tandon P, Raman M. Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Nutrients. 2017 Jul 26;9(8) PubMed PMID: 28933748.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Composition Independent of Weight Loss in the Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. AU - Eslamparast,Tannaz, AU - Tandon,Puneeta, AU - Raman,Maitreyi, Y1 - 2017/07/26/ PY - 2017/06/23/received PY - 2017/07/18/revised PY - 2017/07/21/accepted PY - 2017/9/22/entrez PY - 2017/9/22/pubmed PY - 2018/5/8/medline KW - Mediterranean diet KW - dietary composition KW - non-alcoholic fatty liver disease JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 8 N2 - Poor dietary composition is an important factor in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The majority of NAFLD patients follow diets with overconsumption of simple carbohydrates, total and saturated fat, with reduced intake of dietary fiber and omega-3 rich foods. Although lifestyle modifications including weight loss and exercise remain the keystone of NAFLD management, modifying dietary composition with or without a calorie-restricted diet may also be a feasible and sustainable strategy for NAFLD treatment. In the present review article, we highlight the potential therapeutic role of a "high quality healthy diet" to improve hepatic steatosis and metabolic dysfunction in patients with NAFLD, independent of caloric restriction and weight loss. We provide a literature review evaluating the evidence behind dietary components including fiber-, meat- and omega-3-rich diets and, pending further evidence, we concur with the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Guidelines recommendation of the Mediterranean diet as the diet of choice in these patients. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28933748/Dietary_Composition_Independent_of_Weight_Loss_in_the_Management_of_Non_Alcoholic_Fatty_Liver_Disease_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9080800 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -