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Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adults.
Nutrition. 2017 Nov - Dec; 43-44:69-74.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of replacing standard wheat flour (SWF) with resistant wheat starch (RWS) on markers of appetite and food intake in healthy adults.

METHODS

A randomized, single-blind, crossover study was conducted with 27 healthy adults (ages 23 ± 2 y with a body mass index of 23.0 ± 3.0 kg/m2). After an overnight fast, muffins that contained only SWF or muffins in which 40% of the SWF was replaced with RWS were consumed as part of the breakfast meal. Appetite questionnaires and plasma samples were collected before the test meal and at 10 time points after meal consumption. An ad libitum meal was provided 240 min after breakfast, and the amount eaten was recorded. Food intake was recorded over the remainder of the day using a diet diary, and appetite was measured hourly using appetite questionnaires. Plasma was assayed to measure biomarkers of satiety and glycemia.

RESULTS

Replacing SWF with RWS had no effect on subjective appetite or energy intake at the lunch meal (P > 0.05). Total daily energy intake (including the breakfast meal) was reduced by 179 kcal when participants consumed the RWS muffins (P = 0.05). Replacing SWF with RWS reduced plasma insulin (P < 0.05) but had no effect on plasma glucose, cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide-1, or peptide YY3-36 concentration (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

These results indicate that replacing SWF with RWS decreases plasma insulin concentration and reduces energy intake over a 24-h period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. Electronic address: jhollis@iastate.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28935147

Citation

Emilien, Christine H., et al. "Effect of Resistant Wheat Starch On Subjective Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Adults." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 43-44, 2017, pp. 69-74.
Emilien CH, Hsu WH, Hollis JH. Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adults. Nutrition. 2017;43-44:69-74.
Emilien, C. H., Hsu, W. H., & Hollis, J. H. (2017). Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adults. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 43-44, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2017.06.020
Emilien CH, Hsu WH, Hollis JH. Effect of Resistant Wheat Starch On Subjective Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Adults. Nutrition. 2017 Nov - Dec;43-44:69-74. PubMed PMID: 28935147.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adults. AU - Emilien,Christine H, AU - Hsu,Walter H, AU - Hollis,James H, Y1 - 2017/07/06/ PY - 2017/01/12/received PY - 2017/05/29/revised PY - 2017/06/20/accepted PY - 2017/9/23/entrez PY - 2017/9/25/pubmed PY - 2018/5/25/medline KW - Appetite KW - Dietary fiber KW - Fibersym KW - Food intake SP - 69 EP - 74 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 43-44 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of replacing standard wheat flour (SWF) with resistant wheat starch (RWS) on markers of appetite and food intake in healthy adults. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, crossover study was conducted with 27 healthy adults (ages 23 ± 2 y with a body mass index of 23.0 ± 3.0 kg/m2). After an overnight fast, muffins that contained only SWF or muffins in which 40% of the SWF was replaced with RWS were consumed as part of the breakfast meal. Appetite questionnaires and plasma samples were collected before the test meal and at 10 time points after meal consumption. An ad libitum meal was provided 240 min after breakfast, and the amount eaten was recorded. Food intake was recorded over the remainder of the day using a diet diary, and appetite was measured hourly using appetite questionnaires. Plasma was assayed to measure biomarkers of satiety and glycemia. RESULTS: Replacing SWF with RWS had no effect on subjective appetite or energy intake at the lunch meal (P > 0.05). Total daily energy intake (including the breakfast meal) was reduced by 179 kcal when participants consumed the RWS muffins (P = 0.05). Replacing SWF with RWS reduced plasma insulin (P < 0.05) but had no effect on plasma glucose, cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide-1, or peptide YY3-36 concentration (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that replacing SWF with RWS decreases plasma insulin concentration and reduces energy intake over a 24-h period. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28935147/Effect_of_resistant_wheat_starch_on_subjective_appetite_and_food_intake_in_healthy_adults_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -