[Analysis of Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome].Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2017 Jan; 42(1):187-191.ZZ
To analyze the medication characteristics and compatibility rules in treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis were collected from the 2015 edition of Pharmacopoeia of the people's Republic of China(herein after referred to as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and Drug Standards of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Health-Chinese Patent Drug(herein after referred to as Chinese Patent Drug). Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system(TCMISS V2.5) was used to analyze the rules of prescription composition. Seventy-nine prescriptions included 105 symptoms, and dysmenorrhea, palpitations, chest tightness, stomach pain were common symptoms of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Among 221 herbs, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Angelicae Sinenses Radix ranked top 3 in usage frequency for the treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis. The herbal combinations included Angelicae Sinenses Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Carthami Flos, Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Carthami Flos, and Carthami Flos-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Angelicae Sinenses Radix-Cyperi Rhizoma-Corydalis Rhizoma was the core herbal combination. In addition, a new prescription(Foenoculi Fructus-Alpiniae Officinarum Rhizoma-Caryophylli Flos-Angelicae Sinenses Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Leonuri Herba) for Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome was formed. Overall, the main symptom for the Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome could be pain, but because of different pathogenic factors, it could be reflected by different symptoms. Accordingly, invigorating the circulation of Qi and blood is the basic treatment for the Qi stagnation and blood stasis. Meanwhile, the treatment based on differentiation of symptoms and signs for different reasons should be considered. The prescriptions mainly included the herbs that could invigorate the circulation of Qi and blood, and were accompanied by the herbs that could warm spleen and stomach for dispelling cold.