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Ecotoxicological evaluation of the risk posed by bisphenol A, triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in coastal waters using early life stages of marine organisms (Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Acartia clausi).
Environ Pollut. 2018 Jan; 232:173-182.EP

Abstract

This study assessed the environmental risk on coastal ecosystems posed by three phenolic compounds of special environmental and human health concern used in plastics and household products: bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP). These three chemicals are among the organic contaminants most frequently detected in wastewater. The most toxic compound tested was 4-NP, with 10% effective concentration at 11.1 μg L-1 for Isochrysis galbana, 110.5 μg L-1 for Mytilus galloprovincialis, 53.8 μg L-1 for Paracentrotus lividus, and 29.0 μg L-1 for Acartia clausi, followed by TCS (14.6 μg L-1 for I. galbana, 149.8 μg L-1 for M. galloprovincialis, 129.9 μg L-1 for P. lividus, and 64.8 μg L-1 for A. clausi). For all species tested, BPA was the less toxic chemical, with toxicity thresholds ranging between 400 and 1200 μg L-1 except for A. clausi nauplii (186 μg L-1). The relatively narrow range of variation in toxicity considering the broad physiological differences among the biological models used point at non-selective mechanisms of toxicity for these aromatic organics. Microalgae, the main primary producers in pelagic ecosystems, showed particularly high susceptibility to the chemicals tested. When the toxicity thresholds experimentally obtained were compared to the maximum environmental concentrations reported in coastal waters, the risk quotients obtained correspond to very low or low risk for BPA and TCS, and from low to high for 4-NP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Estación de Ciencias Mariñas de Toralla (ECIMAT), Universidade de Vigo, Illa de Toralla, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.Grupo Química Analítica Aplicada, Departamento de Química, Instituto Universitario de Medio Ambiente (IUMA), Centro de Investigaciones Científicas Avanzadas (CICA), Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade da Coruña, Campus de A Zapateira, 15071 A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Apdo. 22, C/Varadero 1, 30740 San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, Spain.Estación de Ciencias Mariñas de Toralla (ECIMAT), Universidade de Vigo, Illa de Toralla, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain.Estación de Ciencias Mariñas de Toralla (ECIMAT), Universidade de Vigo, Illa de Toralla, 36331 Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain. Electronic address: rbeiras@uvigo.es.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28951039

Citation

Tato, Tania, et al. "Ecotoxicological Evaluation of the Risk Posed By Bisphenol A, Triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in Coastal Waters Using Early Life Stages of Marine Organisms (Isochrysis Galbana, Mytilus Galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus Lividus, and Acartia Clausi)." Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), vol. 232, 2018, pp. 173-182.
Tato T, Salgueiro-González N, León VM, et al. Ecotoxicological evaluation of the risk posed by bisphenol A, triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in coastal waters using early life stages of marine organisms (Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Acartia clausi). Environ Pollut. 2018;232:173-182.
Tato, T., Salgueiro-González, N., León, V. M., González, S., & Beiras, R. (2018). Ecotoxicological evaluation of the risk posed by bisphenol A, triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in coastal waters using early life stages of marine organisms (Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Acartia clausi). Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 232, 173-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.031
Tato T, et al. Ecotoxicological Evaluation of the Risk Posed By Bisphenol A, Triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in Coastal Waters Using Early Life Stages of Marine Organisms (Isochrysis Galbana, Mytilus Galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus Lividus, and Acartia Clausi). Environ Pollut. 2018;232:173-182. PubMed PMID: 28951039.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ecotoxicological evaluation of the risk posed by bisphenol A, triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in coastal waters using early life stages of marine organisms (Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Acartia clausi). AU - Tato,Tania, AU - Salgueiro-González,Noelia, AU - León,Víctor M, AU - González,Sergio, AU - Beiras,Ricardo, Y1 - 2017/09/23/ PY - 2016/12/12/received PY - 2017/09/04/revised PY - 2017/09/10/accepted PY - 2017/9/28/pubmed PY - 2018/2/10/medline PY - 2017/9/28/entrez KW - Alkylphenols KW - Embryo-larval bioassays KW - Endocrine disrupting chemicals KW - Environmental risk assessment KW - Personal care products KW - Plastic additives SP - 173 EP - 182 JF - Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) JO - Environ. Pollut. VL - 232 N2 - This study assessed the environmental risk on coastal ecosystems posed by three phenolic compounds of special environmental and human health concern used in plastics and household products: bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP). These three chemicals are among the organic contaminants most frequently detected in wastewater. The most toxic compound tested was 4-NP, with 10% effective concentration at 11.1 μg L-1 for Isochrysis galbana, 110.5 μg L-1 for Mytilus galloprovincialis, 53.8 μg L-1 for Paracentrotus lividus, and 29.0 μg L-1 for Acartia clausi, followed by TCS (14.6 μg L-1 for I. galbana, 149.8 μg L-1 for M. galloprovincialis, 129.9 μg L-1 for P. lividus, and 64.8 μg L-1 for A. clausi). For all species tested, BPA was the less toxic chemical, with toxicity thresholds ranging between 400 and 1200 μg L-1 except for A. clausi nauplii (186 μg L-1). The relatively narrow range of variation in toxicity considering the broad physiological differences among the biological models used point at non-selective mechanisms of toxicity for these aromatic organics. Microalgae, the main primary producers in pelagic ecosystems, showed particularly high susceptibility to the chemicals tested. When the toxicity thresholds experimentally obtained were compared to the maximum environmental concentrations reported in coastal waters, the risk quotients obtained correspond to very low or low risk for BPA and TCS, and from low to high for 4-NP. SN - 1873-6424 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28951039/Ecotoxicological_evaluation_of_the_risk_posed_by_bisphenol_A_triclosan_and_4_nonylphenol_in_coastal_waters_using_early_life_stages_of_marine_organisms__Isochrysis_galbana_Mytilus_galloprovincialis_Paracentrotus_lividus_and_Acartia_clausi__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0269-7491(16)32487-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -