Fully Stretchable Textile Triboelectric Nanogenerator with Knitted Fabric Structures.ACS Nano. 2017 11 28; 11(11):10733-10741.AN
Harvesting human-motion energy for power-integrated wearable electronics could be a promising way to extend the battery-operation time of small low-power-consumption electronics such as various sensors. For this purpose, a fully stretchable triboelectric nanogenerator (S-TENG) that has been fabricated with knitted fabrics and has been integrated with the directly available materials and techniques of the textile industry is introduced. This device has been adapted to cloth movement and can generate electricity under compression and stretching. We investigated plain-, double-, and rib-fabric structures and analyzed their potentials for textile-based energy harvesting. The superior stretchable property of the rib-knitted fabric contributed to a dramatic enhancement of the triboelectric power-generation performance owing to the increased contact surface. The present study shows that, under stretching motions of up to 30%, the S-TENG generates a maximum voltage and a current of 23.50 V and 1.05 μA, respectively, depending on the fabric structures. Under compressions at 3.3 Hz, the S-TENG generated a constant average root-mean square power of up to 60 μW. The results of this work show the feasibility of a cloth-integrated and industrial-ready TENG for the harvesting of energy from human biomechanical movements in cloth and garments.