Synthesis, Antiproliferative and Pro-Apoptotic Effects of Nitrostyrenes and Related Compounds in Burkitt's Lymphoma.Med Chem 2018; 14(2):181-199MC
Cancers of the lymphatic cells (lymphomas) account for approximately 12% of malignant diseases worldwide. The nitrostyrene scaffold is identified as a lead target structure for the development of particularly effective compounds targeting Burkitt's lymphoma (BL).
The aims of the curent study were to synthesise a panel of nitrostyrene compounds and to evaluate their activity in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL).
A panel of structurally varied compounds were designed and synthesised using Henry Knoevenagel condensation reactions. Single crystal X-Ray analysis confirmed the E configuration for six examples of these novel structures. A number of nitrostyrene-related compounds were also investigated including 1,3-bis(aryl)-2-nitropropenes together with heterocyclic scaffolds containing the nitrovinyl pharmacophore such as 3-nitro-2-phenyl-2H-chromenes. The antiproliferative activities of the compounds were evaluated using the BL cell lines EBV- MUTU-1 and EBV+ DG- 75 (chemoresistant) to establish preliminary structure-activity relationships.
Lead compounds with optimized nitrostyrene scaffolds and 3-nitro-2-phenyl-2Hchromene structures were successfully established with typical IC50 values of 0.45 µM and 0.47 µM in MUTU-1 cells and 1.41 µM and 1.92 µM, respectively, in DG-75 cells. The mechanism of cell death was identified as apoptotic and the lead compound was found to elicit comparable apoptotic effects to Taxol in Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines MUTU-1 and DG-75.
This class of pharmaceutically active compounds with potential for the treatment of Burkitt`s lymphoma suggest a potential role for nitrostyrene based agents in chemotherapy.