Klotho protects the heart from hyperglycemia-induced injury by inactivating ROS and NF-κB-mediated inflammation both in vitro and in vivo.Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis. 2018 Jan; 1864(1):238-251.BB
Cardiac inflammation and oxidative stress play a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The anti-aging protein Klotho has been found to protect cells from inflammation and oxidative stress. The current study aimed to explore the cardioprotective effects of Klotho on DCM and the underlying mechanisms. H9c2 cells and neonatal cardiomyocytes were incubated with 33mM glucose in the presence or absence of Klotho. Klotho pretreatment effectively inhibited high glucose-induced inflammation, ROS generation, apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, fibrosis and hypertrophy in both H9c2 cells and neonatal cardiomyocytes. In STZ-induced type 1 diabetic mice, intraperitoneal injection of Klotho at 0.01mg/kg per 48h for 3months completely suppressed cardiac inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress and prevented cardiac cell death and remodeling, which subsequently improved cardiac dysfunction without affecting hyperglycemia. This study revealed that Klotho may exert its protective effects by augmenting nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression and inactivating nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation both in vitro and in vivo. Thus, this work demonstrated for the first time that the anti-aging protein Klotho may be a potential therapeutic agent to treat DCM by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation. We also demonstrated the critical roles of the Nrf2 and NF-κB pathways in diabetes-stimulated cardiac injuries and indicated that they may be key therapeutic targets for diabetic complications.