Synthesis, computational studies and enzyme inhibitory kinetics of substituted methyl[2-(4-dimethylamino-benzylidene)-hydrazono)-4-oxo-thiazolidin-5-ylidene]acetates as mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors.Bioorg Med Chem. 2017 11 01; 25(21):5929-5938.BM
The present article describes the synthesis and enzyme inhibitory kinetics of methyl[2-(arylmethylene-hydrazono)-4-oxo-thiazolidin-5-ylidene]acetates 5a-j as mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors. The title compounds were synthesized via cyclocondensation of thiosemicarbazones 3a-j with dimethyl but-2-ynedioate (DMAD) 4 in good yields under solvent-free conditions. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their potential to inhibit the activity of mushroom tyrosinase. It was unveiled that compounds 5i showed excellent enzyme inhibitory activity with IC50 3.17µM while IC50 of standard kojic acid is 15.91µM. The presence of heterocyclic pyridine ring in compound 5i play important role in enzyme inhibitory activity as rest of the functional groups are common in all synthesized compounds. The enzyme inhibitory kinetics of the most potent derivative 5i determined by Lineweaver-Burk plots and Dixon plots showed that it is non-competitive inhibitor with Ki value 1.5µM. It was further investigated that the wet lab results are in good agreement with the computational results. The molecular docking of the synthesized compounds was performed against tyrosinase protein (PDBID 2Y9X) to delineate ligand-protein interactions at molecular level. The docking results showed that the major interacting residues are His244, His85, His263, Val 283, His 296, Asn260, Val248, His260, His261 and Phe264 which are located in active binding site of the protein. The molecular modeling demonstrates that the oxygen atom of the compound 5i coordinated with the key residues in the active site of mushroom tyrosinase contribute significantly against inhibitory ability and diminishing the human melanin synthesis. These results evident that compound 5i is a lead structure in developing most potent mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors.