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An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply.
Nutrients. 2017 Oct 09; 9(10)N

Abstract

Availability of less-healthy packaged food and beverage products has been implicated as an important driver of obesity and diet-related disease. An increasing number of packaged foods and beverages are sold in India. Our objective was to evaluate the healthiness of packaged foods sold by India's largest manufacturers. Healthiness was assessed using the Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) system and the World Health Organization's European Regional Office (WHO Euro) Nutrient Profile Model. Sales-value-weighted mean healthiness and the proportions of "healthy" products (using a validated HSR cut-off of ≥3.5, and products meeting WHO Euro criteria as healthy enough to market to children) were calculated overall, by company and by food category. Nutrient information for 943 products sold by the 11 largest Indian manufacturers was obtained from nutrient labels, company websites or directly from the manufacturer. Healthiness was low overall (mean HSR 1.8 out of 5.0 stars) with a low proportion defined as "healthy" by both HSR (17%) and also by WHO Euro criteria (8%). There were marked differences in the healthiness of similar products within food categories. Substantial variation between companies (minimum sales-value-weighted mean HSR 0.5 for Company G, versus maximum HSR 3.0 for Company F) was a result of differences in the types of products sold and the nutritional composition of individual products. There are clear opportunities for India's largest food companies to improve both the nutritional quality of individual products and to improve their product mix to include a greater proportion of healthy products.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food Policy Division, The George Institute for Global Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney 2042, Australia. ajones@georgeinstitute.org.au. Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia. ajones@georgeinstitute.org.au.Food Policy Division, The George Institute for Global Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney 2042, Australia. edunford@georgeinstitute.org.au. Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA. edunford@georgeinstitute.org.au.Access to Nutrition Foundation, 3511 Utrecht, The Netherlands. rachel.crossley@accesstonutrition.org.The George Institute for Global Health, Hyderabad 500034, India. traj@georgeinstitute.org.in.Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX37BN, UK. mike.rayner@dph.ox.ac.uk.Food Policy Division, The George Institute for Global Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney 2042, Australia. bneal@georgeinstitute.org.au. Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia. bneal@georgeinstitute.org.au. Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. bneal@georgeinstitute.org.au.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28991201

Citation

Jones, Alexandra, et al. "An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 10, 2017.
Jones A, Dunford E, Crossley R, et al. An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply. Nutrients. 2017;9(10).
Jones, A., Dunford, E., Crossley, R., Thout, S. R., Rayner, M., & Neal, B. (2017). An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply. Nutrients, 9(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101103
Jones A, et al. An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply. Nutrients. 2017 Oct 9;9(10) PubMed PMID: 28991201.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An Evaluation of the Healthiness of the Indian Packaged Food and Beverage Supply. AU - Jones,Alexandra, AU - Dunford,Elizabeth, AU - Crossley,Rachel, AU - Thout,Sudhir Raj, AU - Rayner,Mike, AU - Neal,Bruce, Y1 - 2017/10/09/ PY - 2017/07/27/received PY - 2017/09/01/revised PY - 2017/09/29/accepted PY - 2017/10/10/entrez PY - 2017/10/11/pubmed PY - 2018/6/6/medline KW - India KW - food manufacturers KW - nutrient profiling KW - packaged foods KW - public health nutrition JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 10 N2 - Availability of less-healthy packaged food and beverage products has been implicated as an important driver of obesity and diet-related disease. An increasing number of packaged foods and beverages are sold in India. Our objective was to evaluate the healthiness of packaged foods sold by India's largest manufacturers. Healthiness was assessed using the Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) system and the World Health Organization's European Regional Office (WHO Euro) Nutrient Profile Model. Sales-value-weighted mean healthiness and the proportions of "healthy" products (using a validated HSR cut-off of ≥3.5, and products meeting WHO Euro criteria as healthy enough to market to children) were calculated overall, by company and by food category. Nutrient information for 943 products sold by the 11 largest Indian manufacturers was obtained from nutrient labels, company websites or directly from the manufacturer. Healthiness was low overall (mean HSR 1.8 out of 5.0 stars) with a low proportion defined as "healthy" by both HSR (17%) and also by WHO Euro criteria (8%). There were marked differences in the healthiness of similar products within food categories. Substantial variation between companies (minimum sales-value-weighted mean HSR 0.5 for Company G, versus maximum HSR 3.0 for Company F) was a result of differences in the types of products sold and the nutritional composition of individual products. There are clear opportunities for India's largest food companies to improve both the nutritional quality of individual products and to improve their product mix to include a greater proportion of healthy products. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28991201/An_Evaluation_of_the_Healthiness_of_the_Indian_Packaged_Food_and_Beverage_Supply_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9101103 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -