Prime

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Singing and Vocal Interventions in Palliative and Cancer Care: Music Therapists' Perceptions of Usage.

Abstract

Background

Music therapists in palliative and cancer care settings often use singing and vocal interventions. Although benefits for these interventions are emerging, more information is needed on what type of singing interventions are being used by credentialed music therapists, and what goal areas are being addressed.

Objective

To assess music therapists' perceptions on how they use singing and vocal interventions in palliative and cancer care environments.

Method

Eighty credentialed music therapists from Canada and the United States participated in this two-part convergent mixed-methods study that began with an online survey, followed by individual interviews with 50% (n = 40) of the survey participants.

Results

In both palliative and cancer care, singing client-preferred music and singing for relaxation were the most frequently used interventions. In palliative care, the most commonly addressed goals were to increase self-expression, improve mood, and create a feeling of togetherness between individuals receiving palliative care and their family. In cancer care, the most commonly addressed goals were to support breathing, improve mood, and support reminiscence. Seven themes emerged from therapist interviews: containing the space, connection, soothing, identity, freeing the voice within, letting go, and honoring.

Conclusions

Music therapists use singing to address the physical, emotional, social, and spiritual goals of patients, and described singing interventions as accessible and effective. Further research is recommended to examine intervention efficacy and identify factors responsible that contribute to clinical benefit.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    University of Toronto.

    Source

    Journal of music therapy 54:3 2017 Nov 01 pg 336-361

    MeSH

    Adult
    Affect
    Aged
    Canada
    Emotions
    Female
    Health Care Surveys
    Humans
    Interviews as Topic
    Male
    Memory
    Middle Aged
    Music
    Music Therapy
    Neoplasms
    Palliative Care
    Singing
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28992349

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Singing and Vocal Interventions in Palliative and Cancer Care: Music Therapists' Perceptions of Usage. A1 - Clements-Cortés,Amy, PY - 2017/10/11/pubmed PY - 2017/12/16/medline PY - 2017/10/10/entrez KW - cancer KW - end-of-life care KW - music therapy KW - palliative care KW - singing SP - 336 EP - 361 JF - Journal of music therapy JO - J Music Ther VL - 54 IS - 3 N2 - Background: Music therapists in palliative and cancer care settings often use singing and vocal interventions. Although benefits for these interventions are emerging, more information is needed on what type of singing interventions are being used by credentialed music therapists, and what goal areas are being addressed. Objective: To assess music therapists' perceptions on how they use singing and vocal interventions in palliative and cancer care environments. Method: Eighty credentialed music therapists from Canada and the United States participated in this two-part convergent mixed-methods study that began with an online survey, followed by individual interviews with 50% (n = 40) of the survey participants. Results: In both palliative and cancer care, singing client-preferred music and singing for relaxation were the most frequently used interventions. In palliative care, the most commonly addressed goals were to increase self-expression, improve mood, and create a feeling of togetherness between individuals receiving palliative care and their family. In cancer care, the most commonly addressed goals were to support breathing, improve mood, and support reminiscence. Seven themes emerged from therapist interviews: containing the space, connection, soothing, identity, freeing the voice within, letting go, and honoring. Conclusions: Music therapists use singing to address the physical, emotional, social, and spiritual goals of patients, and described singing interventions as accessible and effective. Further research is recommended to examine intervention efficacy and identify factors responsible that contribute to clinical benefit. SN - 2053-7395 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28992349/Singing_and_Vocal_Interventions_in_Palliative_and_Cancer_Care:_Music_Therapists'_Perceptions_of_Usage. L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jmt/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jmt/thx010 ER -