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Latent-level relations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use.
Comput Human Behav 2017; 72:170-177CH

Abstract

Common mental health consequences following the experience of potentially traumatic events include Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and addictive behaviors. Problematic smartphone use is a newer manifestation of addictive behaviors. People with anxiety severity (such as PTSD) may be at risk for problematic smartphone use as a means of coping with their symptoms. Unique to our knowledge, we assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. Participants (N = 347), recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), completed measures of PTSD and smartphone addiction. Results of the Wald tests of parameter constraints indicated that problematic smartphone use was more related to PTSD's negative alterations in cognitions and mood (NACM) than to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ2(1, N = 347) = 12.51, p = 0.0004; and more to PTSD's arousal compared to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ2(1, N = 347) = 14.89, p = 0.0001. Results indicate that problematic smartphone use is most associated with negative affect and arousal among trauma-exposed individuals. Implications include the need to clinically assess problematic smartphone use among trauma-exposed individuals presenting with higher NACM and arousal severity; and targeting NACM and arousal symptoms to mitigate the effects of problematic smartphone use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA.VISN 17 Center of Excellence for Research on Returning War Veterans, Central Texas Veterans Health Care System, Waco, TX, USA. Texas A&M Health Science Center, College Station, TX, USA.Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, CT, USA.Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28993716

Citation

Contractor, Ateka A., et al. "Latent-level Relations Between DSM-5 PTSD Symptom Clusters and Problematic Smartphone Use." Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 72, 2017, pp. 170-177.
Contractor AA, Frankfurt SB, Weiss NH, et al. Latent-level relations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. Comput Human Behav. 2017;72:170-177.
Contractor, A. A., Frankfurt, S. B., Weiss, N. H., & Elhai, J. D. (2017). Latent-level relations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, pp. 170-177. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.02.051.
Contractor AA, et al. Latent-level Relations Between DSM-5 PTSD Symptom Clusters and Problematic Smartphone Use. Comput Human Behav. 2017;72:170-177. PubMed PMID: 28993716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Latent-level relations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. AU - Contractor,Ateka A, AU - Frankfurt,Sheila B, AU - Weiss,Nicole H, AU - Elhai,Jon D, Y1 - 2017/02/22/ PY - 2017/10/11/entrez PY - 2017/10/11/pubmed PY - 2017/10/11/medline KW - DSM-5 KW - MTurk KW - PTSD KW - Problematic smartphone use Latent-level relations SP - 170 EP - 177 JF - Computers in human behavior JO - Comput Human Behav VL - 72 N2 - Common mental health consequences following the experience of potentially traumatic events include Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and addictive behaviors. Problematic smartphone use is a newer manifestation of addictive behaviors. People with anxiety severity (such as PTSD) may be at risk for problematic smartphone use as a means of coping with their symptoms. Unique to our knowledge, we assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. Participants (N = 347), recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), completed measures of PTSD and smartphone addiction. Results of the Wald tests of parameter constraints indicated that problematic smartphone use was more related to PTSD's negative alterations in cognitions and mood (NACM) than to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ2(1, N = 347) = 12.51, p = 0.0004; and more to PTSD's arousal compared to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ2(1, N = 347) = 14.89, p = 0.0001. Results indicate that problematic smartphone use is most associated with negative affect and arousal among trauma-exposed individuals. Implications include the need to clinically assess problematic smartphone use among trauma-exposed individuals presenting with higher NACM and arousal severity; and targeting NACM and arousal symptoms to mitigate the effects of problematic smartphone use. SN - 0747-5632 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28993716/Latent_level_relations_between_DSM_5_PTSD_symptom_clusters_and_problematic_smartphone_use_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/28993716/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -