Relation of four nontraditional lipid profiles to diabetes in rural Chinese H-type hypertension population.Lipids Health Dis. 2017 Oct 11; 16(1):199.LH
Mounting evidence suggested that nontraditional lipid profiles have been recognized as a reliable indicator for unfavorable cardiovascular events. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of nontraditional lipid profiles as potential clinical indices for the assessment of prevalent diabetes in rural Chinese H-type hypertension population.
During 2012 to 2013, we conducted a large cross-sectional study of 2944 H-type hypertension participants (≥35 years of age) from rural areas in northeast China. Subjects underwent accurate assessment of lipid profiles, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), homocysteine (Hcy) according to standard protocols.
The proportion of diabetes showed a graded and linear increase across the quartiles for all four nontraditional lipid parameters. Nontraditional lipid variables were independent determinants of FPG, and its correlation for TG/HDL-C was strongest, whether potential confounders were adjusted or not. Multivariable logistic regression analysis established that the highest triglycerides (TG)/ high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) quartile manifested the largest ORs of prevalent diabetes (OR: 3.275, 95%CI: 2.109-5.087) compared with the lowest quartile. The fully adjusted ORs (95%CI) were 2.753 (1.783-4.252), 2.178 (1.415-2.351), 1.648 (1.097-2.478) for the top quartile of total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)/HDL-C, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), respectively. On the basis of the area under receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC), TG/HDL-C showed the optimal discriminating power for diabetes (AUC: 0.684, 95% CI: 0.650-0.718).
Nontraditional lipid profiles (TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C and non-HDL-C) were all consistently and independently correlated with prevalent diabetes among the H-type hypertension population in rural China. TG/HDL-C was prone to be more profitable in assessing the risk of prevalent diabetes and should be encouraged as an effective clinical tool for monitoring and targeted intervention of diabetes in H-type hypertension adults.