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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND

The aim was to establish the prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the general population.

METHODS

This was a population based, cross sectional study. In total, 703 residents aged > 18 years from the rural community of Kryukovo (Central Russia) were enrolled. Medical history was taken and clinical examination performed, documenting venous signs/symptoms. The CEAP classification of the most affected limb was used. Duplex ultrasound was performed to register morphological changes and reflux in deep and superficial veins.

RESULTS

There were 63% women and 37% men (mean age 53.5 years). CVD was found in 69.3%. Of all participants 4.7% were C0S and 34.3% were C1. Chronic venous insufficiency (C3-C6) was found in 8.2% and venous ulcers (C5-C6) in 1.1%. Venous pain, heaviness, fatigue, itching, and the sensation of swelling were documented in 14.8%, 36.3%, 32.8%, 7.0% and 29.1% of patients respectively. Family history was the significant risk factor for both CVD (hazard ratio [HR] 1.3) and primary varicose vein disease (HR 1.6; p < .01). Female sex was a risk factor only for CVD (HR 1.3; p < .01) but not for varicose veins. Age was a risk factor for CVD (HR 1.01) and for varicose veins (HR 1.02; p < .01). For women, number of births (HR 1.05; p < .05) and menopause (HR 1.3; p < .01) were risk factors for CVD. Menopause was a risk factor for varicose veins (HR 2.0; p < .05).

CONCLUSION

This study provides data on the prevalence of CVD, venous abnormalities and risk factors in Russia. The results contribute to already established data, giving a more complete outlook on the global prevalence of CVD.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address: zoloto70@bk.ru.

    ,

    Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

    ,

    St Josaphat Belgorod Regional Hospital, Belgorod, Russia.

    ,

    Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

    ,

    Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

    ,

    St Josaphat Belgorod Regional Hospital, Belgorod, Russia.

    Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Chronic Disease
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Russia
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Varicose Veins
    Venous Insufficiency
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29031868

    Citation

    Zolotukhin, Igor A., et al. "Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population." European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, vol. 54, no. 6, 2017, pp. 752-758.
    Zolotukhin IA, Seliverstov EI, Shevtsov YN, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2017;54(6):752-758.
    Zolotukhin, I. A., Seliverstov, E. I., Shevtsov, Y. N., Avakiants, I. P., Nikishkov, A. S., Tatarintsev, A. M., & Kirienko, A. I. (2017). Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, 54(6), pp. 752-758. doi:10.1016/j.ejvs.2017.08.033.
    Zolotukhin IA, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2017;54(6):752-758. PubMed PMID: 29031868.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Disease in the General Russian Population. AU - Zolotukhin,Igor A, AU - Seliverstov,Evgeny I, AU - Shevtsov,Yuri N, AU - Avakiants,Ilona P, AU - Nikishkov,Aleksey S, AU - Tatarintsev,Andrey M, AU - Kirienko,Alexander I, Y1 - 2017/10/12/ PY - 2017/03/30/received PY - 2017/08/18/accepted PY - 2017/10/17/pubmed PY - 2018/6/14/medline PY - 2017/10/17/entrez KW - Chronic venous disease KW - Epidemiology KW - Risk factor KW - Varicose veins SP - 752 EP - 758 JF - European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery JO - Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg VL - 54 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim was to establish the prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the general population. METHODS: This was a population based, cross sectional study. In total, 703 residents aged > 18 years from the rural community of Kryukovo (Central Russia) were enrolled. Medical history was taken and clinical examination performed, documenting venous signs/symptoms. The CEAP classification of the most affected limb was used. Duplex ultrasound was performed to register morphological changes and reflux in deep and superficial veins. RESULTS: There were 63% women and 37% men (mean age 53.5 years). CVD was found in 69.3%. Of all participants 4.7% were C0S and 34.3% were C1. Chronic venous insufficiency (C3-C6) was found in 8.2% and venous ulcers (C5-C6) in 1.1%. Venous pain, heaviness, fatigue, itching, and the sensation of swelling were documented in 14.8%, 36.3%, 32.8%, 7.0% and 29.1% of patients respectively. Family history was the significant risk factor for both CVD (hazard ratio [HR] 1.3) and primary varicose vein disease (HR 1.6; p < .01). Female sex was a risk factor only for CVD (HR 1.3; p < .01) but not for varicose veins. Age was a risk factor for CVD (HR 1.01) and for varicose veins (HR 1.02; p < .01). For women, number of births (HR 1.05; p < .05) and menopause (HR 1.3; p < .01) were risk factors for CVD. Menopause was a risk factor for varicose veins (HR 2.0; p < .05). CONCLUSION: This study provides data on the prevalence of CVD, venous abnormalities and risk factors in Russia. The results contribute to already established data, giving a more complete outlook on the global prevalence of CVD. SN - 1532-2165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29031868/Prevalence_and_Risk_Factors_for_Chronic_Venous_Disease_in_the_General_Russian_Population_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1078-5884(17)30537-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -