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Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2017; 26(11):1636-1643CE

Abstract

Background:

There is mounting evidence that young people can develop a dependence on indoor tanning, but research on factors associated with indoor tanning dependence remains limited.

Methods:

This cross-sectional study investigated factors associated with indoor tanning dependence in a community sample of 389 non-Hispanic white young adult women ages 18 to 30 who had indoor tanned ≥1 time in the past year. Participants completed measures of indoor tanning dependence, including the modified CAGE and modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV psychiatric screening assessments, indoor tanning behavior and beliefs, and behavioral and psychiatric comorbidity.

Results:

Overall, 22.6% of the sample screened positive for indoor tanning dependence. In multivariable analyses, indoor tanning dependence was associated with younger age of indoor tanning initiation [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.79; P = 0.017], indoor tanning ≥20 times in the past year (aOR = 3.03; P = 0.015), stronger beliefs about the benefits of tanning (aOR = 2.15; P = 0.004), greater perceived susceptibility to indoor tanning risks (aOR = 2.72; P < 0.001), stronger beliefs about physical appearance (aOR = 1.73; P = 0.037), and depressive symptoms (aOR = 3.79; P < 0.001).

Conclusions:

Indoor tanning dependence among young, non-Hispanic white women is associated with behaviors that increase the risk of skin cancer, beliefs favoring the perceived benefits of tanning, and comorbid risks such as stronger beliefs about physical appearance and depressed mood.Impact: Comprehensive skin cancer prevention efforts should address indoor tanning dependence among young women and its leading risk factors. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 26(11); 1636-43. ©2017 AACR.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC. Darren.Mays@georgetown.edu.Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC.Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, and Biomathematics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC.Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29051341

Citation

Mays, Darren, et al. "Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women." Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, vol. 26, no. 11, 2017, pp. 1636-1643.
Mays D, Atkins MB, Ahn J, et al. Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017;26(11):1636-1643.
Mays, D., Atkins, M. B., Ahn, J., & Tercyak, K. P. (2017). Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 26(11), pp. 1636-1643. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-17-0403.
Mays D, et al. Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017;26(11):1636-1643. PubMed PMID: 29051341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Indoor Tanning Dependence in Young Adult Women. AU - Mays,Darren, AU - Atkins,Michael B, AU - Ahn,Jaeil, AU - Tercyak,Kenneth P, Y1 - 2017/10/19/ PY - 2017/05/10/received PY - 2017/07/05/revised PY - 2017/08/10/accepted PY - 2017/10/21/pubmed PY - 2018/6/22/medline PY - 2017/10/21/entrez SP - 1636 EP - 1643 JF - Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology JO - Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. VL - 26 IS - 11 N2 - Background: There is mounting evidence that young people can develop a dependence on indoor tanning, but research on factors associated with indoor tanning dependence remains limited.Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated factors associated with indoor tanning dependence in a community sample of 389 non-Hispanic white young adult women ages 18 to 30 who had indoor tanned ≥1 time in the past year. Participants completed measures of indoor tanning dependence, including the modified CAGE and modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV psychiatric screening assessments, indoor tanning behavior and beliefs, and behavioral and psychiatric comorbidity.Results: Overall, 22.6% of the sample screened positive for indoor tanning dependence. In multivariable analyses, indoor tanning dependence was associated with younger age of indoor tanning initiation [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.79; P = 0.017], indoor tanning ≥20 times in the past year (aOR = 3.03; P = 0.015), stronger beliefs about the benefits of tanning (aOR = 2.15; P = 0.004), greater perceived susceptibility to indoor tanning risks (aOR = 2.72; P < 0.001), stronger beliefs about physical appearance (aOR = 1.73; P = 0.037), and depressive symptoms (aOR = 3.79; P < 0.001).Conclusions: Indoor tanning dependence among young, non-Hispanic white women is associated with behaviors that increase the risk of skin cancer, beliefs favoring the perceived benefits of tanning, and comorbid risks such as stronger beliefs about physical appearance and depressed mood.Impact: Comprehensive skin cancer prevention efforts should address indoor tanning dependence among young women and its leading risk factors. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 26(11); 1636-43. ©2017 AACR. SN - 1538-7755 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29051341/Indoor_Tanning_Dependence_in_Young_Adult_Women_ L2 - http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=29051341 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -