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Association of raisin consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and health risk factors in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012.
Food Nutr Res. 2017; 61(1):1378567.FN

Abstract

Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall. Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010). Covariate (demographic and lifestyle)-adjusted regression analyses were conducted using appropriate sample weights and significance was set at p < 0.01. Raisin consumers had higher intakes of energy (9%); higher intakes of 'nutrients of public health concern/shortfall nutrients', such as dietary fiber (34%), potassium (16%), magnesium (22%), vitamin C (24%), and vitamin E (22%); and lower intakes of 'nutrients to limit', such as added sugar (-17%), saturated fat (-15%), and sodium (-10%), than non-consumers. No associations were observed for intakes of calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin D, and folate. Consumers had higher intakes of total fruit (72%), whole fruit (111%), vegetables (22%), and whole grains (109%), and had a higher diet quality, as indicated by 25% higher total HEI-2010 scores than non-consumers. Compared to non-consumers, raisin consumers had a lower body weight (-4.2%), body mass index (-5.2%), and waist circumference (-3.8%), were 39% less likely to be overweight or obese, and had a 54% reduced risk of metabolic syndrome. In conclusion, raisin consumption was associated with better nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight parameters, and with lower risk of being obese and having metabolic syndrome in US adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, MI, USA.School of Public Health, University of Texas, Brownsville, TX, USA.Sun-Maid Growers of California, Kingsburg, CA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29056890

Citation

Fulgoni, Victor L., et al. "Association of Raisin Consumption With Nutrient Intake, Diet Quality, and Health Risk Factors in US Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012." Food & Nutrition Research, vol. 61, no. 1, 2017, p. 1378567.
Fulgoni VL, Painter J, Carughi A. Association of raisin consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and health risk factors in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012. Food Nutr Res. 2017;61(1):1378567.
Fulgoni, V. L., Painter, J., & Carughi, A. (2017). Association of raisin consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and health risk factors in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012. Food & Nutrition Research, 61(1), 1378567. https://doi.org/10.1080/16546628.2017.1378567
Fulgoni VL, Painter J, Carughi A. Association of Raisin Consumption With Nutrient Intake, Diet Quality, and Health Risk Factors in US Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012. Food Nutr Res. 2017;61(1):1378567. PubMed PMID: 29056890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of raisin consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and health risk factors in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012. AU - Fulgoni,Victor L,3rd AU - Painter,James, AU - Carughi,Arianna, Y1 - 2017/09/24/ PY - 2017/04/04/received PY - 2017/09/08/accepted PY - 2017/10/24/entrez PY - 2017/10/24/pubmed PY - 2017/10/24/medline KW - BMI KW - Healthy Eating Index KW - NHANES KW - body weight KW - metabolic syndrome KW - obesity KW - raisins SP - 1378567 EP - 1378567 JF - Food & nutrition research JO - Food Nutr Res VL - 61 IS - 1 N2 - Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall. Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010). Covariate (demographic and lifestyle)-adjusted regression analyses were conducted using appropriate sample weights and significance was set at p < 0.01. Raisin consumers had higher intakes of energy (9%); higher intakes of 'nutrients of public health concern/shortfall nutrients', such as dietary fiber (34%), potassium (16%), magnesium (22%), vitamin C (24%), and vitamin E (22%); and lower intakes of 'nutrients to limit', such as added sugar (-17%), saturated fat (-15%), and sodium (-10%), than non-consumers. No associations were observed for intakes of calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin D, and folate. Consumers had higher intakes of total fruit (72%), whole fruit (111%), vegetables (22%), and whole grains (109%), and had a higher diet quality, as indicated by 25% higher total HEI-2010 scores than non-consumers. Compared to non-consumers, raisin consumers had a lower body weight (-4.2%), body mass index (-5.2%), and waist circumference (-3.8%), were 39% less likely to be overweight or obese, and had a 54% reduced risk of metabolic syndrome. In conclusion, raisin consumption was associated with better nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight parameters, and with lower risk of being obese and having metabolic syndrome in US adults. SN - 1654-661X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29056890/Association_of_raisin_consumption_with_nutrient_intake_diet_quality_and_health_risk_factors_in_US_adults:_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2001_2012_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1080/16546628.2017.1378567 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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