The synergic effect of BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality on central lymph node metastasis in unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma.Endocr J. 2018 Jan 30; 65(1):113-120.EJ
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential synergic effect of BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality on central lymph nodes metastasis (CLNM) in the patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We enrolled 413 patients with unilateral PTCs who accepted prophylactic unilateral or bilateral central lymph node dissection (LND). Univariate and multivariate analyses were made to determine the association between related factors and CLNM. Then, all patients were divided into 4 groups based on their status of BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality. Relative excess risk of interaction (RERI), attributable proportion (AP) of interaction and synergy index (SI) were applied to evaluate the interactive effect of these two factors on CLNM. Results showed that BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality were independent risk factors for CLNM. A further study revealed that unilateral PTCs accompanying multifocality with BRAFV600E mutation had the highest incidence of CLNM compared with other subgroups. Besides, RERI was 4.323 (95% CI = 1.276-7.369), AP was 0.523 (95% CI = 0.364-0.682) and SI was 2.469 (95% CI = 1.607 to 3.794), indicating a significant additive interaction of BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality on CLNM. The present study has confirmed that BRAFV600E mutation and multifocality are risk factors for CLNM in unilateral PTC. Additionally, unilateral PTC patients accompanying multifocality with BRAFV600E mutation may have an increased risk of CLNM in clinically negative CLNM.