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[Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2016 Jun 25; 41(3):189-96.ZC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) on ischemic myocardial injury in myocardial ischemic (MI) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of MI.

METHODS

A total of 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal, MI model, PC 6-PC 7, Sanyinjiao-Diji (SP 6-SP 8) groups (n=8 in each group for physiological experiments, n=4 in each group for immunoflorescence stain). The MI model was established by occlusion of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. Electrocardiogram (ECG) of the neck-thoracic lead was recorded and the heart rate variability (HRV) analyzed by using a physiological signal collecting system (MP 150) and PowerLab software. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral PC 6-PC 7 or SP 6-SP 8 for 30 min every time, on the 1,2,3 day after modeling. Serum creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase-1 (LDH 1) and endothelin (ET) contents were assayed by ELISA. The expression of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) and c-fos proteins in the nucleus ambiguus (NA) region of the medulla oblongata was detected by immunofluo-rescence stain.

RESULTS

Compared with the normal group, the ECG J-point height (1 h), serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (1 d and 3 d), HR (1 h and 1 d) and LF/HF levels of HRV (1 h, 1 d and 3 d) and the number of c-fos positive neurons (3 d) in the NA region were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), while HF levels (1 h, 1 d and 3 d) and ECG J-point height (1 d and 3 d) were considerably decreased after MI. After EA intervention, the ECG J-point height 3 d after MI was close to zero in both PC 6-PC 7 and SP 6-SP 8 groups, being better than that (negative value) of the model group, and serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (1 d, 3 d) of both EA groups, and HR (1 d) and LF/HF (3 d) of the PC 6-PC 7 group were obviously down-regulated (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the decreased HF 3 d post-MI and the increased number of c-fos positive neurons were significantly up-regulated in the PC 6-PC 7 group (P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the two EA groups in raising J-point height and in down-regulating serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, no significant changes were found in HR 1 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, 3 d post-MI of both EA groups, in HF 3 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, in LF/HF 1 d post-MI of both EA groups and 3 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, in the number of c-fos positive neurons of the SP 6-SP 8 group, and ChAT and VAChT positive neurons of both EA groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

EA intervention may improve ischemic myocardial injury in MI rats, probably by activating neurons in the NA region, and enhancing the cardiac parasympathetic tension, and balancing cardiac sympathetic/parasympathetic nerve activities, but the effect of cholinergic neurons of NA needs being studied further.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, China.Department of Physiology, Institute of Acu-moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700.College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, China.Department of Physiology, Institute of Acu-moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700.Department of Physiology, Institute of Acu-moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700.College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, China. xrchang1956@163.com.Department of Physiology, Institute of Acu-moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700. 13521898023@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

29071904

Citation

Chen, Wei, et al. "[Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats]." Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research, vol. 41, no. 3, 2016, pp. 189-96.
Chen W, Chen SP, Li CW, et al. [Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2016;41(3):189-96.
Chen, W., Chen, S. P., Li, C. W., Wang, J. Y., Duanmu, C. L., Chang, X. R., & Liu, J. L. (2016). [Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research, 41(3), 189-96.
Chen W, et al. [Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2016 Jun 25;41(3):189-96. PubMed PMID: 29071904.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Does the Nucleus Ambiguus-Vague Nerve Mediate Anti-myocardial Ischemic Effect of Electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) in Myocardial Ischemia Rats]. AU - Chen,Wei, AU - Chen,Shu-Ping, AU - Li,Cheng-Wen, AU - Wang,Jun-Ying, AU - Duanmu,Cheng-Lin, AU - Chang,Xiao-Rong, AU - Liu,Jun-Ling, PY - 2017/10/27/entrez PY - 2016/6/25/pubmed PY - 2018/7/14/medline SP - 189 EP - 96 JF - Zhen ci yan jiu = Acupuncture research JO - Zhen Ci Yan Jiu VL - 41 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Neiguan" (PC 6)-"Jianshi" (PC 7) on ischemic myocardial injury in myocardial ischemic (MI) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of MI. METHODS: A total of 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal, MI model, PC 6-PC 7, Sanyinjiao-Diji (SP 6-SP 8) groups (n=8 in each group for physiological experiments, n=4 in each group for immunoflorescence stain). The MI model was established by occlusion of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. Electrocardiogram (ECG) of the neck-thoracic lead was recorded and the heart rate variability (HRV) analyzed by using a physiological signal collecting system (MP 150) and PowerLab software. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral PC 6-PC 7 or SP 6-SP 8 for 30 min every time, on the 1,2,3 day after modeling. Serum creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase-1 (LDH 1) and endothelin (ET) contents were assayed by ELISA. The expression of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) and c-fos proteins in the nucleus ambiguus (NA) region of the medulla oblongata was detected by immunofluo-rescence stain. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the ECG J-point height (1 h), serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (1 d and 3 d), HR (1 h and 1 d) and LF/HF levels of HRV (1 h, 1 d and 3 d) and the number of c-fos positive neurons (3 d) in the NA region were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), while HF levels (1 h, 1 d and 3 d) and ECG J-point height (1 d and 3 d) were considerably decreased after MI. After EA intervention, the ECG J-point height 3 d after MI was close to zero in both PC 6-PC 7 and SP 6-SP 8 groups, being better than that (negative value) of the model group, and serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (1 d, 3 d) of both EA groups, and HR (1 d) and LF/HF (3 d) of the PC 6-PC 7 group were obviously down-regulated (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the decreased HF 3 d post-MI and the increased number of c-fos positive neurons were significantly up-regulated in the PC 6-PC 7 group (P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the two EA groups in raising J-point height and in down-regulating serum CK-MB, LDH 1 and ET contents (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, no significant changes were found in HR 1 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, 3 d post-MI of both EA groups, in HF 3 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, in LF/HF 1 d post-MI of both EA groups and 3 d post-MI of the SP 6-SP 8 group, in the number of c-fos positive neurons of the SP 6-SP 8 group, and ChAT and VAChT positive neurons of both EA groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EA intervention may improve ischemic myocardial injury in MI rats, probably by activating neurons in the NA region, and enhancing the cardiac parasympathetic tension, and balancing cardiac sympathetic/parasympathetic nerve activities, but the effect of cholinergic neurons of NA needs being studied further. SN - 1000-0607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29071904/[Does_the_Nucleus_Ambiguus_Vague_Nerve_Mediate_Anti_myocardial_Ischemic_Effect_of_Electroacupuncture_of_"Neiguan"__PC_6__"Jianshi"__PC_7__in_Myocardial_Ischemia_Rats]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -