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Positive discipline, harsh physical discipline, physical discipline and psychological aggression in five Caribbean countries: Associations with preschoolers' early literacy skills.
Int J Psychol. 2019 Jun; 54(3):342-350.IJ

Abstract

Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname. Caregivers across countries used high levels of explanations and psychological aggression. There were significant country differences in the use of the four disciplinary practices. In the Dominican Republic and Guyana, physical punishment had negative associations with children's literacy skills, and in the Dominican Republic, positive discipline had a positive association with children's literacy skills. Findings are discussed with respect to the negative consequences of harsh disciplinary practices on preschoolers' early literacy skills in the developing world.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.Department of Human Development and Family Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA. Institute for Graduate Studies and Research, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29094762

Citation

Dede Yildirim, Elif, and Jaipaul L. Roopnarine. "Positive Discipline, Harsh Physical Discipline, Physical Discipline and Psychological Aggression in Five Caribbean Countries: Associations With Preschoolers' Early Literacy Skills." International Journal of Psychology : Journal International De Psychologie, vol. 54, no. 3, 2019, pp. 342-350.
Dede Yildirim E, Roopnarine JL. Positive discipline, harsh physical discipline, physical discipline and psychological aggression in five Caribbean countries: Associations with preschoolers' early literacy skills. Int J Psychol. 2019;54(3):342-350.
Dede Yildirim, E., & Roopnarine, J. L. (2019). Positive discipline, harsh physical discipline, physical discipline and psychological aggression in five Caribbean countries: Associations with preschoolers' early literacy skills. International Journal of Psychology : Journal International De Psychologie, 54(3), 342-350. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12465
Dede Yildirim E, Roopnarine JL. Positive Discipline, Harsh Physical Discipline, Physical Discipline and Psychological Aggression in Five Caribbean Countries: Associations With Preschoolers' Early Literacy Skills. Int J Psychol. 2019;54(3):342-350. PubMed PMID: 29094762.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Positive discipline, harsh physical discipline, physical discipline and psychological aggression in five Caribbean countries: Associations with preschoolers' early literacy skills. AU - Dede Yildirim,Elif, AU - Roopnarine,Jaipaul L, Y1 - 2017/11/02/ PY - 2017/01/06/received PY - 2017/09/24/accepted PY - 2017/11/3/pubmed PY - 2019/7/10/medline PY - 2017/11/3/entrez KW - Disciplinary techniques KW - Early childhood KW - Literacy SP - 342 EP - 350 JF - International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie JO - Int J Psychol VL - 54 IS - 3 N2 - Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname. Caregivers across countries used high levels of explanations and psychological aggression. There were significant country differences in the use of the four disciplinary practices. In the Dominican Republic and Guyana, physical punishment had negative associations with children's literacy skills, and in the Dominican Republic, positive discipline had a positive association with children's literacy skills. Findings are discussed with respect to the negative consequences of harsh disciplinary practices on preschoolers' early literacy skills in the developing world. SN - 1464-066X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29094762/Positive_discipline_harsh_physical_discipline_physical_discipline_and_psychological_aggression_in_five_Caribbean_countries:_Associations_with_preschoolers'_early_literacy_skills_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12465 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -