Phase1 study of cisplatin plus pemetrexed with erlotinib and bevacizumab for chemotherapy-naïve advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations.Invest New Drugs 2018; 36(4):608-614IN
Background Cisplatin and pemetrexed are very effective against advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR mutations. Erlotinib plus bevacizumab are highly effective against advanced NSCLCs with activating EGFR mutations. We performed this phase I 'Quartet Trial' to determine the safety and efficacy of all 4 agents as a first-line treatment for non-squamous NSCLC patients harboring activating EGFR mutations. Patients and Methods Patients received escalating quartet-agent doses every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. We examined the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD). Results Ten patients (3 men and 7 women) with a median age of 69 years were enrolled. Four and 6 patients had exon 19 and 21 mutations, respectively; 8 received maintenance therapy without unexpected or cumulative toxicities. One of 6 patients experienced grade 3 vagal reflex at 60 mg/m2 cisplatin plus 500 mg/m2 pemetrexed with 150 mg erlotinib and 15 mg/kg bevacizumab, which was designated the RD. Four patients experienced no DLT with 75 mg/m2 cisplatin plus 500 mg/m2 pemetrexed with 150 mg erlotinib and 15 mg/kg bevacizumab (designated the MTD); however, 3 underwent dose reduction due to severe toxicities (grade 3 gastrointestinal hemorrhage, skin rash, nausea, and febrile neutropenia) during induction chemotherapy. The most frequent DLT-phase adverse events were nausea, anorexia, and fatigue. The overall response rate was 100%. Furthermore, the progression-free and overall survival rates were 17.9 and 32.0 months, respectively. Conclusions This quartet chemotherapy regimen was tolerable and effective in our patient population (UMIN000012536).