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'They love us just the way they love a woman': gender identity, power and transactional sex between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste.
Cult Health Sex 2018; 20(8):858-872CH

Abstract

There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Fifteen interviews were conducted with a profile of participants from urban and rural settings. Using inductive thematic analysis, we found that gender identity played a significant role in sexual relationships, with mane-forte having power over their sexual partner(s). Transactional sex was also found to be customary. Some participants experienced stigma, discrimination, sexual coercion and violence, while others, such as mane-forte, did not. Our research suggests that gender identity and power are significant in sexual relationships between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste, have implications for HIV prevention efforts and may reflect gender norms within the broader community.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a School of Public Health and Community Medicine , UNSW Sydney , New South Wales , Australia.b Australasian Society for HIV , Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine (ASHM) , Sydney , Australia.a School of Public Health and Community Medicine , UNSW Sydney , New South Wales , Australia.a School of Public Health and Community Medicine , UNSW Sydney , New South Wales , Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29108507

Citation

Niven, Hamish, et al. "'They Love Us Just the Way They Love a Woman': Gender Identity, Power and Transactional Sex Between Men Who Have Sex With Men and Transgender Women in Timor-Leste." Culture, Health & Sexuality, vol. 20, no. 8, 2018, pp. 858-872.
Niven H, Jose H, Rawstorne P, et al. 'They love us just the way they love a woman': gender identity, power and transactional sex between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Cult Health Sex. 2018;20(8):858-872.
Niven, H., Jose, H., Rawstorne, P., & Nathan, S. (2018). 'They love us just the way they love a woman': gender identity, power and transactional sex between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 20(8), pp. 858-872. doi:10.1080/13691058.2017.1388928.
Niven H, et al. 'They Love Us Just the Way They Love a Woman': Gender Identity, Power and Transactional Sex Between Men Who Have Sex With Men and Transgender Women in Timor-Leste. Cult Health Sex. 2018;20(8):858-872. PubMed PMID: 29108507.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 'They love us just the way they love a woman': gender identity, power and transactional sex between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. AU - Niven,Hamish, AU - Jose,Hayden, AU - Rawstorne,Patrick, AU - Nathan,Sally, Y1 - 2017/11/07/ PY - 2017/11/8/pubmed PY - 2017/11/8/medline PY - 2017/11/8/entrez KW - Gender identity KW - Timor-Leste KW - men who have sex with men KW - sexual role KW - transactional sex KW - transgender women SP - 858 EP - 872 JF - Culture, health & sexuality JO - Cult Health Sex VL - 20 IS - 8 N2 - There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Fifteen interviews were conducted with a profile of participants from urban and rural settings. Using inductive thematic analysis, we found that gender identity played a significant role in sexual relationships, with mane-forte having power over their sexual partner(s). Transactional sex was also found to be customary. Some participants experienced stigma, discrimination, sexual coercion and violence, while others, such as mane-forte, did not. Our research suggests that gender identity and power are significant in sexual relationships between men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste, have implications for HIV prevention efforts and may reflect gender norms within the broader community. SN - 1464-5351 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29108507/'They_love_us_just_the_way_they_love_a_woman':_gender_identity_power_and_transactional_sex_between_men_who_have_sex_with_men_and_transgender_women_in_Timor_Leste_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13691058.2017.1388928 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -