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Evaluation of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of two stingless bee honeys: a comparison with Apis mellifera honey from Nsukka, Nigeria.
BMC Res Notes. 2017 Nov 06; 10(1):566.BR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Several physical, biochemical and antioxidant properties of two Nigerian stingless bee honey varieties (Melipona sp. and Hypotrigona sp.) were compared with Apis mellifera honey using standard analytical procedures.

RESULTS

The mean pH of Apis mellifera, Hypotrigona sp. and Melipona sp. honeys were 4.24 ± 0.28, 3.75 ± 0.11 and 4.21 ± 0.37 respectively. The mean moisture contents of the honeys were 11.74 ± 0.47, 17.50 ± 0.80, and 13.86 ± 1.06%. Honey samples from Hypotrigona sp. when compared with other honey samples had the highest mean total dissolved solids (370.01 ± 22.51 ppm), hydroxymethylfurfural (16.58 ± 0.37 mg/kg), total acidity (35.57 ± 0.42 meq/kg), protein content (16.58 ± 0.37 g/kg), phenol content (527.41 ± 3.60 mg/kg), and ascorbic acid (161.69 ± 6.70 mg/kg), antioxidant equivalent-ascorbic acid assay value (342.33 ± 0.78 mg/kg) as well as ferric reducing power (666.88 ± 1.73 μM Fe(II)/100 g) (p < 0.05). Several strong correlations were observed among some of the parameters of the honeys. This is the first study to compare the properties of Nigerian honey bees. Our results suggested that these honeys (specifically Hypotrigona sp. honey) is a good source of antioxidants comparable to A. mellifera honey.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 41001, Nigeria.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 41001, Nigeria.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 41001, Nigeria. emeka.nweze@unn.edu.ng.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 41001, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29110688

Citation

Nweze, Justus Amuche, et al. "Evaluation of Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Two Stingless Bee Honeys: a Comparison With Apis Mellifera Honey From Nsukka, Nigeria." BMC Research Notes, vol. 10, no. 1, 2017, p. 566.
Nweze JA, Okafor JI, Nweze EI, et al. Evaluation of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of two stingless bee honeys: a comparison with Apis mellifera honey from Nsukka, Nigeria. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10(1):566.
Nweze, J. A., Okafor, J. I., Nweze, E. I., & Nweze, J. E. (2017). Evaluation of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of two stingless bee honeys: a comparison with Apis mellifera honey from Nsukka, Nigeria. BMC Research Notes, 10(1), 566. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-2884-2
Nweze JA, et al. Evaluation of Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Two Stingless Bee Honeys: a Comparison With Apis Mellifera Honey From Nsukka, Nigeria. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Nov 6;10(1):566. PubMed PMID: 29110688.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of two stingless bee honeys: a comparison with Apis mellifera honey from Nsukka, Nigeria. AU - Nweze,Justus Amuche, AU - Okafor,J I, AU - Nweze,Emeka I, AU - Nweze,Julius Eyiuche, Y1 - 2017/11/06/ PY - 2017/09/02/received PY - 2017/10/27/accepted PY - 2017/11/8/entrez PY - 2017/11/8/pubmed PY - 2018/6/19/medline KW - AEAC KW - Antioxidants KW - Ascorbic acid KW - FRAP KW - Flavonoids KW - HMF KW - Honey KW - Phenolics KW - Physicochemical KW - Stingless SP - 566 EP - 566 JF - BMC research notes JO - BMC Res Notes VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Several physical, biochemical and antioxidant properties of two Nigerian stingless bee honey varieties (Melipona sp. and Hypotrigona sp.) were compared with Apis mellifera honey using standard analytical procedures. RESULTS: The mean pH of Apis mellifera, Hypotrigona sp. and Melipona sp. honeys were 4.24 ± 0.28, 3.75 ± 0.11 and 4.21 ± 0.37 respectively. The mean moisture contents of the honeys were 11.74 ± 0.47, 17.50 ± 0.80, and 13.86 ± 1.06%. Honey samples from Hypotrigona sp. when compared with other honey samples had the highest mean total dissolved solids (370.01 ± 22.51 ppm), hydroxymethylfurfural (16.58 ± 0.37 mg/kg), total acidity (35.57 ± 0.42 meq/kg), protein content (16.58 ± 0.37 g/kg), phenol content (527.41 ± 3.60 mg/kg), and ascorbic acid (161.69 ± 6.70 mg/kg), antioxidant equivalent-ascorbic acid assay value (342.33 ± 0.78 mg/kg) as well as ferric reducing power (666.88 ± 1.73 μM Fe(II)/100 g) (p < 0.05). Several strong correlations were observed among some of the parameters of the honeys. This is the first study to compare the properties of Nigerian honey bees. Our results suggested that these honeys (specifically Hypotrigona sp. honey) is a good source of antioxidants comparable to A. mellifera honey. SN - 1756-0500 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29110688/Evaluation_of_physicochemical_and_antioxidant_properties_of_two_stingless_bee_honeys:_a_comparison_with_Apis_mellifera_honey_from_Nsukka_Nigeria_ L2 - https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-017-2884-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -