Surface Engineering of Thin Film Composite Polyamide Membranes with Silver Nanoparticles through Layer-by-Layer Interfacial Polymerization for Antibacterial Properties.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2017; 9(46):40987-40997AA
We developed a simple and facile approach to covalently immobilize Ag nanoparticles (NPs) onto polyamide surfaces of thin film composite membranes through layer-by-layer interfacial polymerization (LBL-IP) for biofouling mitigation. Stable and uniform bovine serum albumin (BSA) capped Ag NPs with an average diameter of around 20 nm were synthesized using BSA as a template under the assistance of sonication, and Ag NPs incorporated thin film composite (TFC) polyamide membrane was then fabricated by LBL-IP on a nanoporous polysulfone (PSf) substrate upon sequential coating with m-phenylenediamine (MPD) aqueous solution, trimesoyl chloride (TMC)-hexane solution, and finally BSA-capped Ag NPs aqueous solution. The influence of Ag NPs incorporation was investigated on the surface physicochemical properties, water permeability, and salt rejection of TFC polyamide membrane. Our findings show that Ag NPs functionalized membrane exhibited excellent antibacterial properties without sacrificing their permeability and rejection, and Ag NPs incorporation affected very little surface roughness and charge of polyamide layer. Moreover, the incorporated Ag NPs presented a low release rate and excellent stability on polyamide surface in cross-flow conditions. Given the simplicity and versatility of this approach, our study provides a practicable avenue for direct incorporation of various surface-tailored nanomaterials on the polyamide surface to develop high-performance TFC membranes with fouling-resistant properties on a large scale.