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Long-term benefit of enzyme replacement therapy in Pompe disease: A 5-year prospective study.
Neurology. 2017 Dec 05; 89(23):2365-2373.Neur

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) after 5 years and to identify predictors for a favorable response because few data are available on the long-term efficacy of ERT in Pompe disease.

METHODS

We included 102 adult patients with Pompe disease in a nationwide, prospective cohort study. We assessed muscle strength (manual muscle testing with Medical Research Council [MRC] grading, handheld dynamometry [HHD]), muscle function (6-minute walk test, Quick Motor Function Test), daily life activities (Rasch-Built Pompe-Specific Activity [R-PAct] Scale), and pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC] in upright and supine positions, maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures) at 3- to 6-month intervals before and after the start of ERT. Data were analyzed with linear mixed-effects models for repeated measurements.

RESULTS

Median follow-up duration was 6.1 years (range 0.4-7.9 years), of which 5.0 years (range 0.2-7.3 years) were during ERT. Treated patients had better muscle strength (MRC sum score +6.6 percentage points [pp]; HHD sum score +9.6 pp, both p < 0.0001), activity levels (R-PAct +10.8 pp, p < 0.002), and pulmonary function (FVC upright +7.3 pp, FVC supine +7.6 pp, both p < 0.0003) than expected for their untreated disease course. Walking distance improved (416 vs 376 m at baseline, p = 0.03). The largest increase was seen during the first 2 to 3 years of treatment. Response to treatment was similar between groups regardless of sex, age, or disease duration.

CONCLUSIONS

Long-term ERT positively affects muscle strength, pulmonary function, and daily life activities in adult patients with Pompe disease, with a peak effect at ≈2 to 3 years of treatment.

CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE

This study provides Class IV evidence that for patients with Pompe disease, long-term ERT positively affects muscle strength, pulmonary function, and daily life activities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.From the Erasmus MC University Medical Center (E.K., S.C.A.W., J.M.d.V., E.B., P.A.v.D., N.A.M.E.v.d.B.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Neurology; Erasmus MC University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital (M.E.K., J.C.v.d.M., A.T.v.d.P.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics; Erasmus MC University Medical Center (M.M.F.), Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy; and Erasmus MC University Medical Center (D.R.), Department of Biostatistics, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. n.beek@erasmusmc.nl.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29117951

Citation

Kuperus, Esther, et al. "Long-term Benefit of Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Pompe Disease: a 5-year Prospective Study." Neurology, vol. 89, no. 23, 2017, pp. 2365-2373.
Kuperus E, Kruijshaar ME, Wens SCA, et al. Long-term benefit of enzyme replacement therapy in Pompe disease: A 5-year prospective study. Neurology. 2017;89(23):2365-2373.
Kuperus, E., Kruijshaar, M. E., Wens, S. C. A., de Vries, J. M., Favejee, M. M., van der Meijden, J. C., Rizopoulos, D., Brusse, E., van Doorn, P. A., van der Ploeg, A. T., & van der Beek, N. A. M. E. (2017). Long-term benefit of enzyme replacement therapy in Pompe disease: A 5-year prospective study. Neurology, 89(23), 2365-2373. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000004711
Kuperus E, et al. Long-term Benefit of Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Pompe Disease: a 5-year Prospective Study. Neurology. 2017 Dec 5;89(23):2365-2373. PubMed PMID: 29117951.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term benefit of enzyme replacement therapy in Pompe disease: A 5-year prospective study. AU - Kuperus,Esther, AU - Kruijshaar,Michelle E, AU - Wens,Stephan C A, AU - de Vries,Juna M, AU - Favejee,Marein M, AU - van der Meijden,Jan C, AU - Rizopoulos,Dimitris, AU - Brusse,Esther, AU - van Doorn,Pieter A, AU - van der Ploeg,Ans T, AU - van der Beek,Nadine A M E, Y1 - 2017/11/08/ PY - 2017/04/29/received PY - 2017/09/18/accepted PY - 2017/11/10/pubmed PY - 2017/12/13/medline PY - 2017/11/10/entrez SP - 2365 EP - 2373 JF - Neurology JO - Neurology VL - 89 IS - 23 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) after 5 years and to identify predictors for a favorable response because few data are available on the long-term efficacy of ERT in Pompe disease. METHODS: We included 102 adult patients with Pompe disease in a nationwide, prospective cohort study. We assessed muscle strength (manual muscle testing with Medical Research Council [MRC] grading, handheld dynamometry [HHD]), muscle function (6-minute walk test, Quick Motor Function Test), daily life activities (Rasch-Built Pompe-Specific Activity [R-PAct] Scale), and pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC] in upright and supine positions, maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures) at 3- to 6-month intervals before and after the start of ERT. Data were analyzed with linear mixed-effects models for repeated measurements. RESULTS: Median follow-up duration was 6.1 years (range 0.4-7.9 years), of which 5.0 years (range 0.2-7.3 years) were during ERT. Treated patients had better muscle strength (MRC sum score +6.6 percentage points [pp]; HHD sum score +9.6 pp, both p < 0.0001), activity levels (R-PAct +10.8 pp, p < 0.002), and pulmonary function (FVC upright +7.3 pp, FVC supine +7.6 pp, both p < 0.0003) than expected for their untreated disease course. Walking distance improved (416 vs 376 m at baseline, p = 0.03). The largest increase was seen during the first 2 to 3 years of treatment. Response to treatment was similar between groups regardless of sex, age, or disease duration. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term ERT positively affects muscle strength, pulmonary function, and daily life activities in adult patients with Pompe disease, with a peak effect at ≈2 to 3 years of treatment. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that for patients with Pompe disease, long-term ERT positively affects muscle strength, pulmonary function, and daily life activities. SN - 1526-632X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29117951/Long_term_benefit_of_enzyme_replacement_therapy_in_Pompe_disease:_A_5_year_prospective_study_ L2 - http://www.neurology.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=29117951 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -