A Trial on The Effects of Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium-Vitamin D Co-Supplementation on Glycemic Control and Markers of Cardio-Metabolic Risk in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
BACKGROUNDThere is scarce data on the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk in women with PCOS.
METHODSSixty PCOS women were randomized into two groups and treated with 100 mg of magnesium, 4 mg of zinc, 400 mg of calcium plus 200 IU of vitamin D supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks. Glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk were assessed at baseline and at the end of trial.
RESULTSAfter the 12-week intervention, compared with the placebo, magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation supplementation resulted in significant reductions in serum insulin levels (-1.9 ± 4.6 vs. +0.4 ± 2.8 µIU/mL, P = 0.01), and homeostatic model of assessment for insulin resistance (-0.4 ± 1.0 vs. +0.1 ± 0.6, P = 0.02), as well as a significant increase in quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (+0.01 ± 0.02 vs. -0.0003 ± 0.01, P = 0.02). In addition, magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation significantly decreased serum triglycerides (-26.5 ± 42.9 vs. +8.9 ± 17.9 mg/dL, P < 0.001), VLDL-cholesterol concentrations (-5.3 ± 8.6 vs. +1.8 ± 3.6 mg/dL, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (-4.2 ± 30.7 vs. +11.1 ± 28.4 mg/dL, P = 0.04) and total-/HDL-cholesterol ratio (-0.04 ± 0.6 vs. +0.3 ± 0.9, P = 0.04) compared with the placebo.
CONCLUSIONOverall, the results of this study demonstrated that magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation for 12 weeks among patients with PCOS had beneficial effects on insulin metabolism and markers of cardio-metabolic risk.
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.,
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial