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The safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age: A Vaccine Safety Datalink study.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 01; 27(1):59-68.PD

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children 2 through 17 years of age.

METHODS

The study was conducted in 6 large integrated health care organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). Trivalent LAIV safety was assessed in children who received LAIV between September 1, 2003 and March 31, 2013. Eighteen pre-specified adverse event groups were studied, including allergic, autoimmune, neurologic, respiratory, and infectious conditions. Incident rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated for each adverse event, using self-controlled case series analyses. For adverse events with a statistically significant increase in risk, or an IRR > 2.0 regardless of statistical significance, manual medical record review was performed to confirm case status.

RESULTS

During the study period, 396 173 children received 590 018 doses of LAIV. For 13 adverse event groups, there was no significant increased risk of adverse events following LAIV. Five adverse event groups (anaphylaxis, syncope, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, adverse effect of drug, and respiratory failure) met criteria for manual medical record review. After review to confirm cases, 2 adverse event groups remained significantly associated with LAIV: anaphylaxis and syncope. One confirmed case of anaphylaxis was observed following LAIV, a rate of 1.7 per million LAIV doses. Five confirmed cases of syncope were observed, a rate of 8.5 per million doses.

CONCLUSIONS

In a study of trivalent LAIV safety in a large cohort of children, few serious adverse events were detected. Anaphylaxis and syncope occurred following LAIV, although rarely. These data provide reassurance regarding continued LAIV use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA. Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA. Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Community Health Services, Denver Health, Denver, CO, USA.Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, WI, USA.HealthPartners Institute, Minneapolis, MN, USA.Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA, USA.Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA, USA.Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR, USA.Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.Immunization Safety Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.Immunization Safety Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29148124

Citation

Daley, Matthew F., et al. "The Safety of Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children and Adolescents 2 Through 17 Years of Age: a Vaccine Safety Datalink Study." Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, vol. 27, no. 1, 2018, pp. 59-68.
Daley MF, Clarke CL, Glanz JM, et al. The safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age: A Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018;27(1):59-68.
Daley, M. F., Clarke, C. L., Glanz, J. M., Xu, S., Hambidge, S. J., Donahue, J. G., Nordin, J. D., Klein, N. P., Jacobsen, S. J., Naleway, A. L., Jackson, M. L., Lee, G., Duffy, J., & Weintraub, E. (2018). The safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age: A Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 27(1), 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1002/pds.4349
Daley MF, et al. The Safety of Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children and Adolescents 2 Through 17 Years of Age: a Vaccine Safety Datalink Study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018;27(1):59-68. PubMed PMID: 29148124.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age: A Vaccine Safety Datalink study. AU - Daley,Matthew F, AU - Clarke,Christina L, AU - Glanz,Jason M, AU - Xu,Stanley, AU - Hambidge,Simon J, AU - Donahue,James G, AU - Nordin,James D, AU - Klein,Nicola P, AU - Jacobsen,Steven J, AU - Naleway,Allison L, AU - Jackson,Michael L, AU - Lee,Grace, AU - Duffy,Jonathan, AU - Weintraub,Eric, Y1 - 2017/11/17/ PY - 2017/06/16/received PY - 2017/09/14/revised PY - 2017/10/10/accepted PY - 2017/11/18/pubmed PY - 2019/9/10/medline PY - 2017/11/18/entrez KW - anaphylaxis KW - child KW - live attenuated influenza vaccine KW - pharmacoepidemiology KW - syncope KW - vaccine safety SP - 59 EP - 68 JF - Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety JO - Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf VL - 27 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children 2 through 17 years of age. METHODS: The study was conducted in 6 large integrated health care organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). Trivalent LAIV safety was assessed in children who received LAIV between September 1, 2003 and March 31, 2013. Eighteen pre-specified adverse event groups were studied, including allergic, autoimmune, neurologic, respiratory, and infectious conditions. Incident rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated for each adverse event, using self-controlled case series analyses. For adverse events with a statistically significant increase in risk, or an IRR > 2.0 regardless of statistical significance, manual medical record review was performed to confirm case status. RESULTS: During the study period, 396 173 children received 590 018 doses of LAIV. For 13 adverse event groups, there was no significant increased risk of adverse events following LAIV. Five adverse event groups (anaphylaxis, syncope, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, adverse effect of drug, and respiratory failure) met criteria for manual medical record review. After review to confirm cases, 2 adverse event groups remained significantly associated with LAIV: anaphylaxis and syncope. One confirmed case of anaphylaxis was observed following LAIV, a rate of 1.7 per million LAIV doses. Five confirmed cases of syncope were observed, a rate of 8.5 per million doses. CONCLUSIONS: In a study of trivalent LAIV safety in a large cohort of children, few serious adverse events were detected. Anaphylaxis and syncope occurred following LAIV, although rarely. These data provide reassurance regarding continued LAIV use. SN - 1099-1557 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29148124/The_safety_of_live_attenuated_influenza_vaccine_in_children_and_adolescents_2_through_17_years_of_age:_A_Vaccine_Safety_Datalink_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -